Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 P12A polymorphism and risk of coronary heart disease in US men and women.

Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA.
Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology (Impact Factor: 5.53). 09/2005; 25(8):1654-8. DOI: 10.1161/01.ATV.0000171993.78135.7e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) improves insulin sensitivity and exerts antiatherogenic effects. A common alanine for proline substitution at codon 12 in the PPARG2 gene is related to lower receptor activity. Studies suggest that the A12 allele is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes; however, data on the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) are scarce and controversial.
We examined the relationship between PPARG2 P12A and CHD risk in women (Nurses' Health Study) and men (Health Professionals Follow-Up Study) in nested case control settings. Among participants free of cardiovascular disease at baseline, 249 women and 266 men developed nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI) or fatal CHD during 8 and 6 years of follow-up, respectively. Using risk-set sampling, controls were selected 2:1 matched on age, smoking, and date of blood draw. The relative risk (RR) of nonfatal MI or fatal CHD of carriers compared with noncarriers of the A12 allele was 1.17 (95% CI, 0.82 to 1.68) among women and 1.44 (95% CI, 1.00 to 2.07) among men (pooled RR, 1.30 [95% CI, 1.00 to 1.67]). We found a significantly increased risk associated with the A12 allele among individuals with a body mass index > or =25 kg/m2 (women: RR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.01 to 3.50; men: RR, 1.55; 95% CI, 0.92 to 2.60; pooled: RR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.13 to 2.50) but not among those <25 kg/m2 (pooled RR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.37 to 1.97; P heterogeneity overweight versus nonoverweight 0.16).
These data do not support the hypothesis that the A12 allele is associated with a decreased risk of CHD. The potential interaction between PPARG2 P12A, overweight, and increased CHD risk needs further evaluation.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several studies suggest that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is involved in atherogenesis. The Pro12Ala polymorphism in the gene encoding PPARγ (PPARγ2 gene) influences the risk for type 2 diabetes. Two population-based studies have shown that the Ala allele is associated with reduced carotid intimal-medial thickness (IMT). However, studies focusing on acute clinical events have yielded conflicting results. Our aim was to evaluate the role of the Pro12Ala PPARγ2 polymorphism on the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) in an Italian population with a case-controlled genetic association study in which 478 CAD patients and 218 controls were genotyped for the Pro12Ala polymorphism. CAD was diagnosed by angiography. We found that homozygotes for the Ala12 allele had a significantly reduced risk of CAD after adjusting for diabetes, sex, age, body mass index (BMI), smoking, lipids and hypertension (OR =0.007; 95% C.I. = 0.00-0.32 p< 0.011). In this case-control study, homozygosity for the Ala allele at codon 12 of the PPARγ2 gene resulted in reduced risk of CAD. This is consistent with reports from previous studies focusing on atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction.
    Disease markers 01/2010; 29(5):259-64. DOI:10.3233/DMA-2010-0756 · 2.17 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The primary aim of this study was to examine prospectively the associations between 5 peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in a community-based cohort study in Washington County, Maryland. Data were analyzed from 9,364 Caucasian men and women participating in CLUE-II. Genotyping on 5 PPAR polymorphisms was conducted using peripheral DNA samples collected in 1989. The followup period was from 1989 to 2003. The results showed that there were no statistically significant associations between the PPAR SNPs and cardiovascular deaths or events. In contrast, statistically significant age-adjusted associations were observed for PPARG rs4684847 with both baseline body mass and blood pressure, and for PPARG rs709158, PPARG rs1175543, and PPARD rs2016520 with baseline cholesterol levels. Future studies should be conducted to confirm these findings and to explore the associations in populations with greater racial and ethnic diversity.
    PPAR Research 02/2008; 2008:276581. DOI:10.1155/2008/276581 · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The alanine allele of P12A polymorphism in PPARG gene in a few studies has been associated with a reduced or increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Yet, the risk relation has not been confirmed, and data on ischemic stroke (IS) is scarce. We therefore investigated the role of this polymorphism on occurrence of AMI, coronary heart disease (CHD) and IS. We performed a case-cohort study in 15,236 initially healthy Dutch women and applied a Cox proportional hazards model to study the relation of the P12A polymorphism and AMI (n = 71), CHD (n = 211), and IS (n = 49) under different inheritance models. In addition, meta-analyses of published studies were performed. Under the dominant inheritance model, carriers of the alanine allele compared with those with the more common genotype were not at increased or decreased risk of CHD (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.58 to 1.17) and of IS (HR = 1.03; 95% CI, 0.14 to 7.74). In addition no relations were found under the recessive and additive models. Our meta-analyses corroborated these findings by showing no significant association. For AMI we found a borderline significant association under dominant (HR = 0.49; 95% CI, 0.26 to 0.94), and additive (HR = 0.51; 95% CI, 0.26 to 1.00) models which could be due to chance, because of small cases in this subgroup. The meta-analysis did not show any association between the polymorphism and risk of AMI under the different genetic models. Our study in healthy Dutch women in combination with the meta-analyses of previous reports does not provide support for a role of P12A polymorphism in PPARG gene in MI and CHD risk. Also our study shows that the polymorphism has no association with IS risk.
    Vascular Health and Risk Management 02/2008; 4(2):427-36.


Available from