Soluble oncoprotein 185(HER-2) in pleural fluid has limited usefulness for the diagnostic evaluation of malignant effusions
ABSTRACT To investigate whether pleural levels of the soluble oncoprotein 185 HER-2 (sp185(HER-2)), individually or in combination with CEA and CA 15-3, were useful for the diagnosis of malignant effusions.
Levels of CEA, CA 15-3, and sp185(HER-2) were measured in the pleural fluid from 135 malignant and 103 benign effusions. Thresholds of these tumor markers were chosen for a diagnostic specificity of >or=99%.
Pleural sp185(HER-2) levels greater than 25 ng/mL were observed in 20% of breast and 10% of lung adenocarcinomas, and predicted a malignant effusion with a sensitivity of 7% and a likelihood ratio of 7.6. Combination of CEA and CA 15-3 resulted in 50% sensitivity, while adding sp185(HER-2) to this panel nonsignificantly increased sensitivity by 5% (P = 0.45). Only 1 patient with breast adenocarcinoma among 45 cytology-negative malignant effusions had sp185(HER-2) above the diagnostic cutoff point.
Measurement of pleural fluid sp185(HER-2) has poor diagnostic performance in patients with malignant effusions.
SourceAvailable from: Cheng-Chuan Su[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Cytology fails to detect neoplastic cells in approximately 40% to 50% of malignant pleural effusions (PEs), which commonly accompany lung adenocarcinomas. The diagnostic accuracy of various tumor markers in lung adenocarcinoma-associated cytologically negative pleural effusions (LAC-CNPEs) has been poor. The current study attempted to maximize diagnostic efforts in distinguishing LAC-CNPEs from benign PEs. METHODS: PE samples were collected from 74 patients with lung adenocarcinoma with associated cytologically positive (41 patients) and negative (33 patients) PEs, and from 99 patients with benign conditions including tuberculosis (26 patients), pneumonia (28 patients), congestive heart failure (25 patients), and cirrhosis (20 patients). The authors evaluated the diagnostic sensitivity and optimal cutoff points for the tumor markers HER2/neu, CYFRA 21-1, and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) to distinguish LAC-CNPEs from benign PEs. RESULTS: Mean levels of HER2/neu, CYRFA 21-1, and CEA were found to be significantly higher in LAC-CNPEs compared with benign PEs (P = .0050, P = .0039, and P < .0001, respectively). The cutoff points for HER2/neu, CYFRA 21-1, and CEA were optimally set at 3.6 ng/mL, 60 ng/mL, and 6.0 ng/mL, respectively. Their sensitivities ranged from 12.1%, to 30.3%, to 63.6%, respectively. CEA combined with CYFRA 21-1 increased diagnostic sensitivity to 66.7%. The false-positive rates of these markers in benign PEs were 6.1%, 2.0%, and 0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of CEA with CYFRA 21-1 appears to provide the best differentiation between LAC-CNPEs and benign PEs to date using 2 tumor markers, and allows for the early diagnosis and early treatment of approximately two-thirds of affected patients. Cancer (Cancer Cytopathol) 2013;. © 2013 American Cancer Society.Cancer Cytopathology 09/2013; 121(9). DOI:10.1002/cncy.21283 · 3.81 Impact Factor
Article: Proteomics in pleural effusion[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Normal pleural fluid in humans is thought to have a low protein concentration, but in disease states where fluid accumulates into the pleural space, the protein profile may change dramatically. In the near future, research on such altered fluid proteome may give diagnostic and prognostic information or even predict therapeutic responses. Onedimensional, two-dimensional, differential gel electrophoresis as well as mass spectrometry have become the most important techniques for identifying disease-related proteins among various pleural pathologies. However, to date very few studies have applied proteomic technology to pleural fluids with the aim of discovering reliable and specific disease biomarkers.
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ABSTRACT: Various tumour markers have been evaluated in malignant pleural effusions, but not CD66c. This study evaluated the diagnostic ability of CD66c in lung adenocarcinoma-associated malignant pleural effusions (LA-MPEs) and compared it with other known tumour markers. Forty-seven cases of LA-MPE and 52 cases of benign pleural effusions were collected. The levels of CD66c, CEA, CA 19-9, and CYFRA 21-1 were measured by enzyme immunoassay. The expression of CD66c, CEA, and CA 19-9 in cell blocks was measured by immunocytochemistry. CEA had the best diagnostic values, with a sensitivity of 87.2% and specificity of 92.3%. Both CD66c and CA 19-9 showed the highest specificity of 98.1%, with sensitivities of 63.8% and 55.3%, respectively. CYFRA 21-1 had a sensitivity of 83.0% and specificity of 76.9%. CEA combined with CA 19-9 reached a sensitivity of 91.5% and a specificity of 98.1%. The sensitivities of immunocytochemical staining for CD66c, CEA, and CA 19-9 were 72.5%, 75%, and 40%, respectively. CD66c showed a diagnostic performance comparable to CYFRA 21-1 and CA 19-9 by enzyme immunoassay. Immunocytochemical study showed that CD66c and CEA were more sensitive than CA19-9. Both studies support CD66c as a potential tumour marker to differentiate LA-MPE from benign effusions.Pathology 02/2015; 47(2):123-9. DOI:10.1097/PAT.0000000000000215 · 2.62 Impact Factor