Early abciximab administration in acute myocardial infarction treated with primary coronary intervention.
ABSTRACT Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors improve myocardial reperfusion and clinical outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but optimal timing of administration remains unclear. In this prospective randomized trial, we evaluated the impact of early abciximab administration on angiographic findings, myocardial salvage and left ventricular function.
Fifty-five consecutive patients with first AMI, undergoing primary PCI, were randomized to abciximab administration either in the emergency room (early group: 27 patients) or in the catheterization laboratory after coronary angiography (late group: 28 patients). The primary outcome measures were initial Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infraction (TIMI) grade flow, corrected TIMI frame count and myocardial blush grade as well as salvage index and left ventricular function recovery as assessed by serial scintigraphic scans performed at admission, and 7 days and 1 month after PCI. Angiographic analysis showed a significant difference in initial TIMI grade 3 flow, corrected TIMI frame count and myocardial blush grade favouring early group. Moreover, salvage index and left ventricular function recovery were significantly greater in the early group (P=0.007; and P=0.043, respectively).
In patients with AMI, treated with primary PCI, early abciximab administration improves myocardial salvage and left ventricular function recovery probably by starting early recanalization of the infarct-related artery.
Article: Part 9: Acute coronary syndromes: 2010 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations.Circulation 10/2010; 122(16 Suppl 2):S422-65. · 14.74 Impact Factor
Article: Part 9: Acute coronary syndromes: 2010 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations.Resuscitation 10/2010; 81 Suppl 1:e175-212. · 3.60 Impact Factor