Soluble CD30 and HLA antibodies as potential risk factors for kidney transplant rejection.
ABSTRACT Recent literary data suggest that high pre- and post-transplant serum levels of the soluble CD30 (sCD30) molecule may be a risk factor for acute rejection and worse prognosis of the transplanted kidney. The aim of our study was to correlate the concentrations of sCD30 and the presence of HLA antibodies as defined by flow cytometry and ELISA with the clinical course and graft prognosis after transplantation. One hundred and seventeen kidney transplant patients were included into the study. The incidence of rejection episodes, graft function and graft survival for up to 1 year post-transplant were evaluated. Soluble CD30 levels before transplantation were virtually the same in patients who experienced rejection and in non-rejecting patients. In both patient groups, a significant decrease of sCD30 was detected 2 weeks after transplantation (104.4 U/ml before vs. 37.0 U/ml post-transplant, P < 0.001). However, there was a substantial difference in the level of decrease of sCD30 between rejecting and non-rejecting patients. Patients without rejection had lower sCD30 values (31.2 U/ml post-transplant) compared to patients who experienced rejection episodes (62.9 U/ml), P < 0.04. Multifactorial analysis showed that antibodies to HLA class II antigens and elevated concentrations of sCD30 shortly after transplantation were associated with increased risk for acute rejection in the first post-transplant year. Measurement of soluble CD30 after transplantation, taken into consideration with the presence of HLA class II antibodies, might be helpful for evaluating the potential risk for acute rejection.
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ABSTRACT: Recent literary data suggest that antibodies to HLA antigens undetectable by the standard complement-dependent cytotoxicity test may cause not only chronic, but also acute immunological complications after kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of non-cytotoxic antibodies to HLA antigens for the development of immunological complications and a worse graft prognosis after first kidney transplantation. Sera before and early after transplantation from 120 first kidney recipients were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCXM), ELISA and the standard complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) test. Pre-transplant FCXM negativity was related to a lower incidence of rejection episodes in the first post-transplant year ( P<0.01). A significant association between acute rejection and the presence of antibodies to HLA class II antigens before and after transplantation was also found ( P<0.05). Our study supports the findings of other centers of the detrimental role to the kidney graft played by anti-HLA antibodies undetectable by the classical CDC test.Transplant International 01/2004; 16(12):872-8. · 3.16 Impact Factor
Article: Humoral theory of transplantation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: According to the humoral theory of transplantation, antibodies cause allograft rejection. Publications are cited showing that antibodies: (1). cause hyperacute kidney rejection, (2). lead to C4d deposits associated with early kidney graft failures, (3). are a good indicator of presensitization leading to early acute rejections, (4). were present in 96% of 826 patients who rejected a kidney graft, (5). are associated with chronic rejection in 33 studies of kidney, heart, lung and liver grafts, and (6). in three studies, appeared in the circulation BEFORE evidence of bronchiolitis obliterans in lung transplants, and BEFORE kidney rejection. In addition, a prospective cooperative study of 1629 patients in 24 centers demonstrated that antibodies foretold subsequent failures after a follow-up period of 6 months (p = 0.05). The specificity of antibodies detected in the serum of rejecting patients were often not donor specific, presumably because they were absorbed by the rejecting organ. If the humoral theory is accepted, even provisionally, transplanted patients who have antibodies could be treated with immunosuppression until the antibodies disappear to determine whether chronic rejection can be blocked. If successful, in patients who do not have antibodies, immunosuppression could be reduced until antibodies appear.American Journal of Transplantation 07/2003; 3(6):665-73. · 6.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Over two decades of research have increased the interest in factors from the tumor necrosis factor family. The vast majority of these factors are powerful modulators of critical immune functions and participate in pathogenic mechanisms leading to autoimmune disease. This field constantly evolves with the addition of new family members and the discovery of their function. During the past few years several additional factors from this family, such as BAFF, RANKL, TRAIL and GITRL, have emerged with novel functions that regulate both T and B cell immune tolerance and participate in tissue destruction in autoimmunity. These new findings revealed exciting innovative strategies for the treatment of autoimmune diseases.Current Opinion in Immunology 01/2003; 14(6):783-90. · 8.77 Impact Factor