Factors associated with obesity in Chinese-American children.

University of California, San Francisco Department of Family Health Care Nursing, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Pediatric nursing 01/2005; 31(2):110-5.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A cross-sectional study design was utilized to examine factors associated with obesity in Chinese-American children.
Chinese-American children (8 to 10 years old) and their mothers (N = 68) in California participated in the study.
Mothers completed demographic information, the Family Assessment Device, Attitudes Toward Child Rearing Scale, and Suinn-Lew Asian Self-identity Acculturation Scale. Children's body mass index was measured, and children completed a self-administered physical activity checklist, Food Frequency Questionnaire, and the Schoolagers' Coping Strategies Inventory.
Results indicated three variables that predicted children's body mass index: older age, a more democratic parenting style, and poor communication (R2=.263, F=8.727, p = .0001). Children whose mothers had a low level of acculturation were also more likely to be overweight than were children whose mothers were highly acculturated.
This study revealed that children's ages, a democratic parenting style, and poor family communication contribute to increased body mass index in Chinese-American children. Other factors related to children's BMI and dietary intake include acculturation level of the mother and family affective responses. Future studies should examine the change in BMI over time and in different age groups and why parenting and family communication impact children's body weight.

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