Factors associated with obesity in Chinese-American children.
ABSTRACT A cross-sectional study design was utilized to examine factors associated with obesity in Chinese-American children.
Chinese-American children (8 to 10 years old) and their mothers (N = 68) in California participated in the study.
Mothers completed demographic information, the Family Assessment Device, Attitudes Toward Child Rearing Scale, and Suinn-Lew Asian Self-identity Acculturation Scale. Children's body mass index was measured, and children completed a self-administered physical activity checklist, Food Frequency Questionnaire, and the Schoolagers' Coping Strategies Inventory.
Results indicated three variables that predicted children's body mass index: older age, a more democratic parenting style, and poor communication (R2=.263, F=8.727, p = .0001). Children whose mothers had a low level of acculturation were also more likely to be overweight than were children whose mothers were highly acculturated.
This study revealed that children's ages, a democratic parenting style, and poor family communication contribute to increased body mass index in Chinese-American children. Other factors related to children's BMI and dietary intake include acculturation level of the mother and family affective responses. Future studies should examine the change in BMI over time and in different age groups and why parenting and family communication impact children's body weight.
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ABSTRACT: Objective Exploring associations between parenting behavior and children¿s health related behavior including physical activity, sedentary behavior, diet and sleep.Methods We recruited 288 parents and their children (6-12y old). Children¿s weight and height were measured. Fat percentage was determined by air displacement plethysmography. Parents reported socio-demographic data, sleep information, physical activity and sedentary behavior of their child and completed the Comprehensive General Parenting Questionnaire (CGPQ) and a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Children completed the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire. Associations between parenting behavior (CGPQ) and children¿s health related behavior were assessed with univariate and multiple regression analyses.ResultsA small positive correlation was found between sweet food consumption frequency and ¿coercive control¿ (r¿=¿0.139) and a small negative correlation between fruit and vegetables consumption frequency and ¿overprotection¿ (r¿=¿¿0.151). Children consumed more frequently soft drinks when their parents scored lower on ¿structure¿ (r¿=¿¿0.124) and higher on ¿overprotection¿ (r¿=¿0.123); for the light soft drinks separately, a small positive correlation with ¿behavioral control¿ was found (r¿=¿0.172). A small negative correlation was found between ¿emotional eating¿ and ¿structure¿ (r¿=¿¿0.172) as well as ¿behavioral control¿ (r¿=¿¿0.166). ¿Coercive control¿ was negatively correlated with the child¿s sleep duration (r¿=¿¿0.171). After correction for confounding factors, the following significant associations were found: (1) a small negative association between ¿structure¿ and soft drinks consumption (ß¿=¿¿0.17 for all soft drinks and ¿0.22 for light soft drinks), (2) a small positive association between ¿behavioral control¿ and light soft drinks (ß¿=¿0.34), (3) a small positive association of ¿nurturance¿ and ¿coercive control¿ with sedentary behavior (ß¿=¿0.16 for both parent constructs) and (4) a small negative association between the parenting construct ¿coercive control¿ and sleep duration (ß¿=¿¿0.23).Conclusion The significant but small associations between parenting constructs and the investigated variables suggest that different aspects of parenting style play an important role in the genesis of the health related behavior of children. Overall, our findings suggest that health professionals should encourage parents to apply the more positive parenting constructs i.e., more ¿structure¿ and ¿behavioral control¿, and less ¿coercive control¿. They could, for instance, supervise and manage their child¿s activities and help their child to achieve certain goals.International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 07/2014; 11(1):95. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate if maternal influences are associated with children's outdoor playtime and screen time at the age of 2 years.Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 06/2014; · 1.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly addictive stimulant which has destructive effects. There is also evidence that methamphetamine use in some females, partly is due to their desire to lose weight. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between family flexibility, food preoccupation and body image among crystal abuser women.International journal of high risk behaviors & addiction. 01/2012; 1(3):126-31.