S100P is selectively upregulated in tumor cell lines challenged with DNA cross-linking agents

Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-5310, USA.
Leukemia Research (Impact Factor: 2.35). 11/2005; 29(10):1181-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.leukres.2005.03.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Bifunctional alkylating agents that cross-link DNA are implicated in the pathogenesis of therapy related myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and MDS related acute myeloid leukemia (MDR-AML). We exposed HL60 cells to the highest level of bifunctional alkylating nitrogen mustard mechlorethamine (HN2) that was consistent with recovery following suppressed growth. Microarray analyses showed minor changes in transcripts in HN2 treated cells. A moderate up-regulation of S100P mRNA was consistently observed after 1 day of exposure to bifunctional alkylating agents and expression was not induced with monofunctional agents. Elevated S100P protein/antigen was not detected until days later in a subset of non-mitotic G2 cells. Elevated S100P protein persisted over the course of a delayed recovery phase. The results confirm recent reports indicating that S100P is a survival factor. In addition, our results indicate that S100P has a specific role in G2 cell function associated with a prolonged phase of recovery after exposure to bifunctional alkylating agents.

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