Genome amplification of single sperm using multiple displacement amplification.

Department of Environmental Health, Center for Genome Information, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine 3223 Eden Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45267, USA.
Nucleic Acids Research (Impact Factor: 8.81). 02/2005; 33(10):e91. DOI: 10.1093/nar/gni089
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Sperm typing is an effective way to study recombination rate on a fine scale in regions of interest. There are two strategies for the amplification of single meiotic recombinants: repulsion-phase allele-specific PCR and whole genome amplification (WGA). The former can selectively amplify single recombinant molecules from a batch of sperm but is not scalable for high-throughput operation. Currently, primer extension pre-amplification is the only method used in WGA of single sperm, whereas it has limited capacity to produce high-coverage products enough for the analysis of local recombination rate in multiple large regions. Here, we applied for the first time a recently developed WGA method, multiple displacement amplification (MDA), to amplify single sperm DNA, and demonstrated its great potential for producing high-yield and high-coverage products. In a 50 mul reaction, 76 or 93% of loci can be amplified at least 2500- or 250-fold, respectively, from single sperm DNA, and second-round MDA can further offer >200-fold amplification. The MDA products are usable for a variety of genetic applications, including sequencing and microsatellite marker and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis. The use of MDA in single sperm amplification may open a new era for studies on local recombination rates.

1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study reports the diversity of uncultured environmental viruses harbouring photosynthetic genes (psbA and psbD) in samples from cold seawater (latitude above 60 degrees ). The viral community in coastal Norwegian waters was separated according to genome size using pulse field gel electrophoresis. Viral populations within a wide genome size range (31-380 kb) were investigated for the presence of the psbA and psbD genes using PCR, combined with cloning and sequencing. The results show the presence of photosynthetic genes in viral populations from all size ranges. Thus, valuable information could be obtained about the size class to which viral particles that encode photosynthesis genes belong. The wide genomic size range detected implies that a different cyanophage profile has been observed than has been reported previously. Thus, the method of phage gene detection applied here may represent a truer picture of phage diversity in general or that there is a larger range of size profile for viruses with psbA and psbD in higher latitudes than for the better-studied lower latitudes. Alternatively, a picture of diversity based on a different set of biases than that from either isolation-based research or from conventional metagenomic approaches may be observed.
    FEMS Microbiology Ecology 02/2008; 63(1):2-11. DOI:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2007.00400.x · 3.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a technique used for determining the genetic status of a single cell biopsied from embryos or oocytes. Genetic analysis from a single cell is both rewarding and challenging, especially in PGD. The starting material is very limited and not replaceable, and the diagnosis has to be made in a very short time. Different whole genome amplification (WGA) techniques have been developed to specifically increase the DNA quantities originating from clinical samples with limited DNA contents. In this review, currently available WGA techniques are introduced and, among them, multiple displacement amplification (MDA) is discussed in detail. MDA generates abundant assay-ready DNA to perform broad panels of genetic assays through its ability to rapidly amplify genomes from single cells. The utilization of MDA for single-cell molecular analysis is expanding at a high rate, and MDA is expected to soon become an integral part of PGD.
    Prenatal Diagnosis 04/2007; 27(4):297-302. DOI:10.1002/pd.1667 · 2.51 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Y chromosome microdeletions are known to impair spermatogenesis. Screenings for these microdeletions are performed mostly in patients with sperm count abnormalities. We have screened the Y chromosome of 80 infertile patients with sperm morphological abnormalities. DNA from sperm, peripheral blood or single sperm following multiple displacement amplification (MDA) was utilized to amplify 20 specific sequence-tagged sites (STS) by PCR. Y chromosome microdeletions were detected in sperm DNA from four of the teratozoospermic patients; while none of the 53 men with normal sperm morphology had any deletions. Two of the four patients with deletions also provided peripheral blood and a fresh semen sample. Both patients had none of the STS deleted in the peripheral blood DNA. Y chromosome microdeletion analysis in the MDA amplified SRY-positive single sperm DNA confirmed the presence of the same deletion in all 10 sperm for one patient and eight out of 10 sperm in the second patient. Our observations suggest that some of the teratozoospermia might be related to gonadal mosaic Y chromosome microdeletions. Gonadal mosaicism can be a source of de novo transmissions of Y chromosome microdeletions. The application of MDA can yield enough DNA from a single sperm for genetic analyses.
    Human Reproduction 01/2006; 20(12):3505-9. DOI:10.1093/humrep/dei254 · 4.59 Impact Factor


Available from