Embryotoxic activity and differential binding of plant-derived carbohydrate-recognizing proteins towards the sea urchin embryo cells.
ABSTRACT The embryotoxic activity and differential binding of plant-derived carbohydrate-recognizing proteins on sea urchin (Lytechinus variegatus) embryo cells was investigated. IC50 doses for toxicity on larvae development varied from 0.6 up to 96.3 microg ml(-1) and these effects were largely reversed by previously heating the proteins. Changes in the glycoconjungate status of the cell surface were assessed by time-course binding of the proteins during embryogenesis according to their carbohydrate-binding specificity. Glucose/mannose binding-proteins bound embryo cells at the same stage of development, at a similar stage to the N-acetylglucosamine/N-acetylneuraminic acid binding-protein (WGA) and earlier than galactose specific ones. FITC-conjugates of these proteins confirmed the above results and revealed the presence of specific and differential receptors for them. Inhibition assays using inhibitory glycoproteins significantly diminished the labelled patterns of FITC-conjugates. In conclusion, the assayed proteins exhibited embryotoxicity and their binding requirements were useful for following changes in the pattern of cell surface glycoconjugates on embryo cells of sea urchin. This property could be useful in analyzing other cell types.
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ABSTRACT: The present study evaluated the toxicity of Microgramma vacciniifolia rhizome lectin (MvRL) to Artemia salina, human tumour cell lines (larynx epidermoid carcinoma Hep-2, NCI-H292 lung mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and chronic myelocytic leukaemia K562), and normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), as well as to Biomphalaria glabrata embryos and adults. MvRL was toxic to A. salina (LC50 = 159.9μg/mL), and exerted cytotoxic effects on NCI-H292 cells (IC50 = 25.23μg/mL). The lectin (1-100μg/mL) did not affect the viability of K562 and Hep-2 tumour cells, as well as of PBMCs. MvRL concentration of 1, 10, and 100μg/mL promoted malformations (mainly exogastrulation) in 7.8%, 22.5%, and 27.7% of embryos, respectively, as well as delayed embryo development in 42.0%, 69.5%, and 54.7% of embryos, respectively. MvRL at a concentration of 100μg/mL killed B. glabrata embryos (17.7%) and adults (25%). Further, MvRL damaged B. glabrata reproductive processes, which was evidenced by observations that snails exposed to the lectin (100μg/mL) deposited fewer eggs than those in the control group, and approximately 40% of the deposited eggs exhibited malformations. Comparison of these results with that from A. salina assay indicates that MvRL is adulticidal at the concentration range which is toxic to environment. In conclusion, the cytotoxicity of MvRL on tumour cell and absence of toxicity to normal cell indicate its potential as chemotherapeutic drug. Also, the study revealed that the lectin is able to promote deleterious effects on B. glabrata embryos at environmentally safe concentrations.Acta tropica. 06/2014;
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ABSTRACT: To study and characterize the in vivo effect of the lectin from Luetzelburgia auriculata seed on acute inflammation models. The lectin was purified from the crude saline extract by affinity chromatography on a guar-gum matrix. Native, heat-treated, and digested lectin was evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity by using peritonitis and paw edema models. The anti-inflammatory activity was characterized by intravital microscopy, nitric oxide production, and myeloperoxidase activity. The lectin exhibited anti-inflammatory activity (2 mg/kg) on both models, reducing local myeloperoxidase activity. Galactose or heat treatment (100 degrees C, 10 min) reduced anti-inflammatory action. Anti-inflammation involves the inhibition of adhesion and rolling of leukocytes along with augmentation of nitric oxide in serum. The lectin inhibited the edematogenic effect of histamine and prostaglandins (PGE2) but did not alter the chemoattractant effect of IL-8. The results indicate that this lectin is a potent anti-inflammatory molecule. Its effects engage diverse modulatory events.Agents and Actions 09/2009; 59(4):245-54. · 1.59 Impact Factor