Bilateral Upper Eyelid Edema in Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Kirikkale, Kirikkale, Turkey.
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (Impact Factor: 0.88). 06/2005; 21(3):243-5. DOI: 10.1097/01.IOP.0000159177.56965.A6
Source: PubMed


Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome is an uncommon disorder characterized by a triad of facial nerve palsy, orofacial edema, and fissured tongue. A 42-year-old woman with Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome presented with painless, nonpitting, bilateral asymmetric upper eyelid edema. The left eyelid was a bit larger than the right eyelid. CT and MRI demonstrated periorbital soft tissue thickening compatible with the microscopic findings of infiltration of lymphocytes, edema, and cystic dilatation of lymphatic vessels. After treatment by systemic doxycycline and corticosteroid, she showed some improvement of the eyelid edema. Isolated bilateral eyelids swelling may be observed in Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome. In the case of unexplained nonpitting eyelid edema, biopsy should be performed.

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    O Ates · O Yoruk ·
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    ABSTRACT: Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is an uncommon granulomatous condition characterized by persistent or recurrent orofacial oedema, relapsing facial paralysis and fissured tongue. We report here a case of MRS with the classical triad of signs accompanied by unilateral anterior uveitis. A 35-year-old man with a fissured tongue, recurrent facial palsy and orofacial oedema presented with a 3-month history of conjunctival redness and decreased vision in the right eye. On evaluation of visual acuity, the patient was only able to count fingers. Slit lamp examination revealed severe conjunctival injection, cells and flare, posterior synechiae and keratic precipitates. Examination of the left eye revealed no evidence of inflammation. Examination of the other systems was normal. The patient was treated with topical corticosteroids and cycloplegics and the visual acuity improved to 7/10. To our knowledge, there are no previous reports of an association between uveitis and MRS.
    The Journal of international medical research 08/2006; 34(4):428-32. DOI:10.1177/147323000603400413 · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two cases of patients carriers of peripheral facial paralyses are presented, diagnosed as Melkersson- Rosenthal syndromes, included within the idiopathic causes of this entity. Its main characteristics were given by, the typical congenital fissured tongue, facio-labial edema and recurrent facial paralysis. It is described in the literature the family tendency of this illness. DeCS: MELKERSSON-ROSENTHAL SYNDROME; CASE REPORTS
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    ABSTRACT: Fever and periorbital swelling are the manifestation of a broad array of diseases. Among them are emergency situations, which need prompt physician input. Swiftly formulating a differential diagnosis approach is crucial. Diseases causing fever and periorbital edema are either local or systemic. Nevertheless, their impact can be systemic if they evade diagnosis. Infectious diseases and non-infectious diseases (inflammatory and allergic diseases, autoimmune diseases, neoplastic diseases, and trauma) can all lead to fever and periorbital edema. A meticulous history and physical examination in association with targeted tests against the presented spectrum of diseases (specific serological tests, radiological tests, cultures taken from the surface of the periorbital area and other relevant areas, and skin biopsy for histological and microbiological examination) will clarify the diagnosis.
    Survey of Ophthalmology 07/2007; 52(4):422-33. DOI:10.1016/j.survophthal.2007.04.006 · 3.85 Impact Factor
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