Inhibition of membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase by cancer drugs interferes with the homing of diabetogenic T cells into the pancreas.
ABSTRACT We have discovered that clinically tested inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases can control the functional activity of T cell membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) and the onset of disease in a rodent model of type 1 diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice. We determined that MT1-MMP proteolysis of the T cell surface CD44 adhesion receptor affects the homing of T cells into the pancreas. We also determined that both the induction of the intrinsic T cell MT1-MMP activity and the shedding of cellular CD44 follow the adhesion of insulin-specific, CD8-positive, Kd-restricted T cells to the matrix. Conversely, inhibition of these events by AG3340 (a potent hydroxamate inhibitor that was widely used in clinical trials in cancer patents) impedes the transmigration of diabetogenic T cells into the pancreas and protects non-obese diabetic mice from diabetes onset. Overall, our studies have divulged a previously unknown function of MT1-MMP and identified a promising novel drug target in type I diabetes.
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ABSTRACT: Carbon monoxide (CO) treatment improves pathogenic outcome of autoimmune diseases by promoting tolerance. However, the mechanism behind this protective tolerance is not yet defined. Here we show in a transgenic mouse model for autoimmune diabetes that ex vivo gaseous CO (gCO)-treated DCs loaded with pancreatic beta-cell peptides protect mice from disease. This protection is peptide-restricted, independent of IL-10 secretion by DCs and of CD4(+) T cells. Although no differences were observed in autoreactive CD8(+) T-cell function from gCO-treated vs. untreated DC-immunized groups, gCO-treated DCs strongly inhibited accumulation of autoreactive CD8(+) T cells in the pancreas. Interestingly, induction of β1-integrin was curtailed when CD8(+) T cells were primed with gCO-treated DCs, and the capacity of these CD8(+) T cells to lyse isolated islet was dramatically impaired. Thus, immunotherapy using CO-treated DCs appears to be an original strategy to control autoimmune disease.European Journal of Immunology 10/2012; · 4.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We provide the first comprehensive analysis of the extracellular matrix (ECM) composition of peri-islet capsules, composed of the peri-islet basement membrane (BM) and subjacent interstitial matrix (IM), in development of type 1 diabetes in NOD mice and in human type 1 diabetes. Our data demonstrate global loss of peri-islet BM and IM components only at sites of leukocyte infiltration into the islet. Stereological analyses reveal a correlation between incidence of insulitis and the number of islets showing loss of peri-islet BM versus islets with intact BMs, suggesting that leukocyte penetration of the peri-islet BM is a critical step. Protease- and protease inhibitor-specific microarray analyses (CLIP-CHIP) of laser-dissected leukocyte infiltrated and noninfiltrated pancreatic islets and confirmatory quantitative real time PCR and protein analyses identified cathepsin S, W, and C activity at sites of leukocyte penetration of the peri-islet BM in association with a macrophage subpopulation in NOD mice and human type 1 diabetic samples and, hence, potentially a novel therapeutic target specifically acting at the islet penetration stage. Interestingly, the peri-islet BM and underlying IM are reconstituted once inflammation subsides, indicating that the peri-islet BM-producing cells are not lost due to the inflammation, which has important ramifications to islet transplantation studies.Diabetes 11/2012; · 7.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study tested the hypothesis that membrane-tethered type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP)-induced proteolysis of T cell CD44 is important for defining the migration and function of autoreactive T cells, including diabetogenic, insulin-specific and K(d)-restricted IS-CD8(+) cells. To confirm the importance of MT1-MMP proteolysis of CD44 in type 1 diabetes (T1D), the anti-diabetic effects of three MMP inhibitors (3(S)-2,2-dimethyl-4[4-pyridin-4-yloxy-benzenesulfonyl]-thiomorpholine-3-carboxylic acid hydroxamate [AG3340], 2-(4-phenoxyphenylsulfonylmethyl) thiirane [SB-3CT] and epigallocatechin-3-gallate [EGCG]) were compared using an adoptive diabetes transfer model in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. Only AG3340 was capable of inhibiting both the activity of MT1-MMP and the shedding of CD44 in T cells; and the transendothelial migration and homing of IS-CD8(+) T cells into the pancreatic islets. SB-3CT and EGCG were incapable of inhibiting T cell MT1-MMP efficiently. As a result, AG3340 alone, but not SB-3CT or EGCG, delayed the onset of transferred diabetes in NOD mice. In summary, the results of the present study emphasize that the MT1-MMP-CD44 axis has a unique involvement in T1D development. Accordingly, we suggest that a potent small-molecule MT1-MMP antagonist is required for the design of novel therapies for T1D.Experimental and therapeutic medicine 02/2013; 5(2):438-442. · 0.34 Impact Factor