Mass spectrometric analysis of the Schistosoma mansoni tegumental sub-proteome

Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology (DBC), Utrecht University, Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
Journal of Proteome Research (Impact Factor: 5). 06/2005; 4(3):958-66. DOI: 10.1021/pr050036w
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Schistosoma mansoni is a parasitic worm that lives in the blood vessels of its host. We mapped the S. mansoni tegumental outer-surface structure proteome by 1D SDS-PAGE and LC-MS/MS and an EST-database from the ongoing genome-sequencing project. We identified 740 proteins of which 43 were tegument-specific. Many of these proteins show no homology to any nonschistosomal protein, demonstrating that the schistosomal outer-surface comprises specific and unique proteins, likely to be critical for parasite survival.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The development of a vaccine for Fasciola spp. in livestock is a challenge and would be advanced by harnessing our knowledge of acquired immune mechanisms expressed by resistant livestock against fluke infection. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity directed to the surface tegument of juvenile/immature flukes is a host immune effector mechanism, suggesting that antigens on the surface of young flukes may represent prime candidates for a fluke vaccine. A Type 1 immune response shortly after fluke infection is associated with resistance to infection in resistant sheep, indicating that vaccine formulations should attempt to induce Type 1 responses to enhance vaccine efficacy. In cattle or sheep, an optimal fluke vaccine would need to reduce mean fluke burdens in a herd below the threshold of 30 - 54 flukes to ensure sustainable production benefits. Fluke infection intensity data suggest that vaccine efficacy of approximately 80% is required to reduce fluke burdens below this threshold in most countries. With the increased global prevalence of triclabendazole-resistant F. hepatica, it may be commercially feasible in the short term to introduce a fluke vaccine of reasonable efficacy that will provide economic benefits for producers in regions where chemical control of new drug-resistant fluke infections is not viable. Commercial partnerships will be needed to fast-track new candidate vaccines using acceptable adjuvants in relevant production animals, obviating the need to evaluate vaccine antigens in rodent models.
    International Journal for Parasitology 09/2014; 44(12). DOI:10.1016/j.ijpara.2014.07.011 · 3.40 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Schistosoma mansoni and other Schistosoma sp. are multicellular parasitic helminths (worms) that infect humans and mammals worldwide. Infection by these parasites, which results in developmental maturation and sexual differentiation of the worms over a period of 5-6 weeks, induces antibodies to glycan antigens expressed in surface and secreted glycoproteins and glycolipids. There is growing interest in defining these unusual parasite-synthesized glycan antigens and using them to understand immune responses, their roles in immunomodulation, and in using glycan antigens as potential vaccine targets. A key problem in this area, however, has been the lack of information about the enzymes involved in elaborating the complex repertoire of glycans represented by the schistosome glycome. Recent availability of the nuclear genome sequences for Schistosoma sp. has created the opportunity to define the glycogenome, which represents the specific genes and cognate enzymes that generate the glycome. Here we describe the current state of information in regard to the schistosome glycogenome and glycome and highlight the important classes of glycans and glycogenes that may be important in their generation.
    Frontiers in Genetics 08/2014; 5:262. DOI:10.3389/fgene.2014.00262
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The cloned enolase gene of Angiostrongylus cantonensis (AcEno) comprised 1,667 bp and encoded a peptide with 434 amino acid residues which lacked of a signal peptide but contained a transmembrane region, indicating that AcEno tends to be a structural component (intracellular or membrane protein). The real-time PCR revealed a meaningful difference in the expression level of AcEno in varied development stages. By immunolocalization, native AcEno was detected mainly in the cytoplasm in most tissues, such as parietal muscle, genital tracts, nerve ring, and alimentary canal where the energy consumption is high, but not as expected on the cuticle and hypodermis layer of the nematode. This suggests that the AcEno may be involved in a host of other biological functions, rather than a receptor of plasminogen or a component of excretory-secretory antigen. In addition, AcEno expressed alike in the nucleus, indicating that AcEno also involved in regulating the continuous growth and development of A. cantonensis in hosts. Despite of living in the vasculature at a certain stage of life cycle, AcEno was not localized in the outer surface of L3 and adults, indicating that A. cantonensis may have other virulence and immune evasion mechanisms.
    Parasitology Research 08/2014; 113(11). DOI:10.1007/s00436-014-4056-9 · 2.33 Impact Factor