SLC26A6 and SLC26A7 anion exchangers have a distinct distribution in human kidney.
ABSTRACT The anion transporters SLC26A6 (PAT1) and SLC26A7, transporting at least chloride, oxalate, sulfate and bicarbonate, show a distinct expression and function in different mammalian species. They are expressed in kidney, but their exact localization in human kidney has not been studied. We therefore examined SLC26A6 and A7 expression in human kidneys.
The localization of SLC26A6 and A7 in different segments of human nephrons was studied by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry by comparing to the tubular markers PNRA, CD10, Tamm-Horsfall antigen, high molecular weight cytokeratin, CK7, AQP2 and H(+)V-ATPase.
In human kidney, SLC26A6 is expressed in distal segments of proximal tubules, parts of the thin and thick ascending limbs of Henle's loops, macula densa, distal convoluted tubules and a subpopulation of intercalated cells of collecting ducts. SLC26A7 is expressed in extraglomerular mesangial cells and a subpopulation of intercalated cells of collecting ducts.
Our results show that in human kidney SLC26A6 and A7 have a distinct, partially overlapping expression in distal segments of nephrons. The distribution partly differs from that found previously in rodent kidneys.
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ABSTRACT: The sequence of events by which primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) causes renal failure is unclear. We hypothesize that proximal tubule (PT) is vulnerable because oxalate secretion raises calcium oxalate (CaOx) supersaturation (SS) there, leading to crystal formation and cellular injury. We studied cortical and papillary biopsies from 2 PH1 patients with preserved renal function, and 7 native kidneys removed from 4 patients at the time of transplant, after short-term (2) or longer-term (2) dialysis. In these patients, and another 5 PH1 patients without renal failure, we calculated oxalate secretion, and estimated PT CaOx SS. Plasma oxalate was elevated in all PH1 patients, and inverse to creatinine clearance. Renal secretion of oxalate was present in all PH1, but rare in controls. PT CaOx SS was > 1 in all non-pyridoxine responsive PH1 prior to transplant, most marked in patients who developed ESRD. PT from PH1 with preserved renal function had birefringent crystals, confirming the presence of CaOx SS, but had no evidence of cortical inflammation or scarring by histopathology or hyaluronan staining. PH1 with short ESRD showed CaOx deposition and hyaluronan staining particularly at the corticomedullary junction in distal PT while cortical collecting ducts were spared. Longer ESRD showed wide-spread cortical CaOx, and in both groups papillary tissue had marked intratubular CaOx deposits and fibrosis. CaOx SS in PT causes CaOx crystal formation, and CaOx deposition in distal PT appears to be associated with ESRD. Minimizing PT CaOx SS may be important for preserving renal function in PH1.AJP Renal Physiology 10/2013; 305(11). DOI:10.1152/ajprenal.00382.2013 · 4.42 Impact Factor
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology 01/2006; 38:279-328. DOI:10.1016/S1569-2558(06)38011-3
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ABSTRACT: Sulfate is important for mammalian growth and development. During pregnancy, maternal circulating sulfate levels increase by 2-fold, enhancing sulfate availability to the fetus. We used quantitative real-time PCR to determine sulfate transporter mRNA levels during mouse gestation in three tissues: kidney and ileum, to identify transporters involved in sulfate absorption and maintaining high maternal circulating sulfate level; and placenta, to build a model of directional sulfate transport from mother to fetus. In the kidney, Slc13a1 and Slc26a1 were the most abundant sulfate transporter mRNAs, which increased by ≈2-fold at E4.5 or E6.5, whereas lower levels of Slc26a2, Slc26a6, and Slc26a7 mRNA increased by ≈3- to 6-fold from E4.5. Ileal sulfate transporter mRNA levels were not increased in gestation, but slight decreases (by ≈30-40%) were found for Slc26a3 and Slc26a6. In placentae, Slc13a4 and Slc26a2 mRNAs were most abundant, with levels increasing from E10.5 and peaking (≈8-fold) from E14.5 to E18.5, whereas Slc26a1 increased by ≈3-fold at E18.5. The spatial expression of placental mRNAs was determined by in situ hybridization showing Slc13a4 and Slc26a6 in yolk sac, Slc26a1 in spongiotrophoblasts, and Slc13a4, Slc26a2, Slc26a3, and Slc26a7 in the labyrinthine layer. Within the labyrinth, cell-specific staining revealed Slc13a4 expression in syncytiotrophoblast-II (SynT-II) and Slc26a2 in SynT-I. Together, these data show kidney Slc13a1 and Slc26a1 and placental Slc13a4 and Slc26a2 to be the most abundant sulfate transporter mRNAs in mouse gestation, which likely play important physiological roles in maintaining high maternal serum sulfate levels during pregnancy and mediating sulfate supply to the fetus.Biology of Reproduction 06/2012; 87(2):43. DOI:10.1095/biolreprod.111.098749 · 3.45 Impact Factor