Article

Camurati-Engelmann disease (progressive diaphyseal dysplasia) in a Moroccan family.

Department of Endocrinology/Diabetes Center, VU University Medical Center, P.O. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Osteoporosis International (Impact Factor: 4.17). 10/2005; 16(9):1167-70. DOI: 10.1007/s00198-005-1896-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report on a 46-year-old mother of Moroccan origin, suffering mainly from painful, swollen legs, and her 26-year-old son who had experienced intense pain in his legs, without fever, for approximately 3 years. They did not have dysmorphic features or abnormal gaits. Radiographic studies of the mother revealed diaphyseal sclerosis of the tibia and spondylosis of the thoracal and lumbar vertebrae. The son had sclerosis of the diaphyses of the metacarpalia of the left hand, the femur and the fibula. The other parts of the skeleton were normal. Several osteosclerotic/hyperostotic disorders, such as melorheostosis (present mostly in sporadic cases and affecting lower extremities) and van Buchem's disease (autosomal recessive and commonly affecting the mandible) were considered as a diagnosis in the proposita. However, similar symptoms in the son of the proposita suggested an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. This brought us to the diagnosis of progressive diaphyseal dysplasia (PDD) or Camurati-Engelmann disease (CED), an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by limb pain, reduced muscle mass, weakness, a waddling gait, progressive periosteal and endosteal sclerosis of the diaphyses of the long bones and sclerosis of the skull base. Mutations in the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 gene on chromosome 19q13.1 have been reported to cause this disorder. The diagnosis of PDD/CED in this family was confirmed at the molecular level by detection of a C-to-T transition at position 466, leading to an arginine-to-cysteine amino acid change (position 156) in exon 2 of the transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFB1) gene.

0 Followers
 · 
114 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess 5-year treatment responses and TGFB1 gene abnormalities in five patients with ribbing disease. METHODS: PCR analysis and bidirectional sequencing of TGFβ1 exons 1 through 7 were performed in all five patients. RESULTS: The five patients, four women and one man with a mean age of 34years at symptom onset, shared the following features: severe diaphyseal pain predominating in the lower limbs with diaphyseal hyperostosis; increased radionuclide uptake at sites of pain and, in some cases at other cortical sites; asymmetric or asynchronous lesions; long symptom duration (5-18years) despite a variety of treatments; and a delay of several years (2-15) between symptom onset and the diagnosis. Of our five patients, two had a heterozygous missense mutation in exon 2 of TGFβ1 (c.466C>T, p.Arg156Cys, previously described in Camurati-Engelmann syndrome) and three had commonly found TGFβ1 polymorphisms. Intravenous bisphosphonate therapy was used in all five patients but induced substantial improvements in a single patient. Of the three patients given bolus methylprednisolone therapy, two experienced a lasting response; the exception was one of the two women with a TGFβ1 mutation. CONCLUSION: Considerable heterogeneity in the clinical presentations, genetic abnormalities, and treatment responses contribute to the diagnostic challenges raised by ribbing disease. Detailed genetic studies are needed.
    Joint, bone, spine: revue du rhumatisme 02/2013; 80(6). DOI:10.1016/j.jbspin.2013.01.007 · 3.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report on a family affected by Camurati-Engelmann disease, characterized by radiological signs limited to the tibia, and associated with overweight or obesity, which is not a known feature of this disorder. The affected patients were heterozygous for a c.466C > T mutation (which predicts p.Arg156Cys) in the latency associated protein (LAP)-coding domain of the TGFB1 gene. This mutation had previously been reported once in another family with a similar, atypical phenotype, which suggests a possible phenotype/genotype relationship. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 08/2013; 161(8). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.36022 · 2.05 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and major causative gene in pediatric patients with Camurati‑Engelmann disease (CED). Biochemical and radiographic examinations, bone scintigraphy and genetic analyses were performed in two affected males and their parents. The two patients experienced waddling gait, muscular weakness and growth developmental delay. X-ray radiography revealed typical fusiform thickening of the diaphyseal portions of the long bones. The abnormal uptake of tracer Tc-99m was visualized in the skull and both sides of the upper humeri, ulnas, radii, femurs and tibias using bone scintigraphy. Serum levels of the bone formation marker procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide (PINP) and the bone resorption marker β‑isomerized C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (β-CTX) in the 6-year-old patient were significantly increased compared with the normal value range, while only the β-CTX levels were elevated in the 16-year-old patient. A heterozygous missense mutation p.Arg218Cys in exon 4 of the transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) gene was detected in the two patients, while their parents had normal wild‑type genotypes. In conclusion, the p.Arg218Cys mutation was shown to contribute to the clinical phenotypes in two pediatric patients with CED. The results of this study suggest that abnormal bone turnover marker levels, typical radiological findings and mutations in the TGFβ1 gene are three important factors in the diagnosis of sporadic CED cases.
    Molecular Medicine Reports 03/2013; 7(5). DOI:10.3892/mmr.2013.1367 · 1.48 Impact Factor