Ligamentous Lisfranc joint injuries: a biomechanical comparison of dorsal plate and transarticular screw fixation.
ABSTRACT The current treatment of displaced ligamentous injuries of the tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints is open reduction and rigid fixation using transarticular screws. This technique causes further articular surface damage that theoretically may increase the risk of arthritis. Should the screws break, hardware removal is difficult. An alternative method that avoids these potential complications is rigid fixation using dorsal plates.
The displacement between the first metatarsal and medial cuneiform, the second metatarsal and intermediate cuneiform, the first and second metatarsal bases, and the medial cuneiform and second metatarsal base were measured in 10 matched pairs of fresh-frozen cadaver lower extremities in the unloaded and loaded condition. After sectioning the Lisfranc and TMT joint ligaments, measurements were repeated in the loaded condition. The first and second TMT joints of the right feet were fixed with transarticular 3.5-mm cortical screws while those of the left feet with were fixed with dorsal 2.7-mm 1/4 tubular plates. Measurements were then repeated in the unloaded and loaded condition.
After ligament sectioning, significantly increased first and second TMT joint subluxation with loading was seen. No significant difference was noted with direct comparison between plates and screws with respect to ability to realign the first and second TMT joints and to maintain TMT joint alignment during loading. The amount of articular surface destruction caused by one 3.5-mm screw was 2.0 +/- 0.7% for the medial cuneiform, 2.6 +/- 0.5% for the first metatarsal, 3.6 +/- 1.2% for the intermediate cuneiform, and 3.6 +/- 1.0% for the second metatarsal.
The model reliably produced displacement of the first and second TMT joints consistent with a ligamentous Lisfranc injury. Transarticular screws and dorsal plates showed similar ability to reduce the first and second TMT joints after TMT and Lisfranc ligament transection and to resist TMT joint displacement with weightbearing load.
Dorsal plating may be an alternative to transarticular screws in the treatment of displaced Lisfranc injuries.
SourceAvailable from: Rafael Trevisan Ortiz[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: INTRODUÇAO: As artrodeses tarsometatársicas sao opçao terapeutica efetiva no tratamento das osteoartroses sintomaticas da articulacao de Lisfranc. Os métodos de estabilizaçao disponíveis sao: Fios de Kirschner, Parafusos Corticais, Placas e parafusos e Agrafe. A estabilidade oferecida e a técnica cirúrgica utilizada para cada material é discutida na literatura. OBJETIVO: Comparar a força de compressão e a estabilidade biomecânica da fixação da articulação tarsometatársica com Parafusos Corticais e com Agrafe. CASUISTICA E MÉTODO: Selecionados 10 cadáveres frescos, do genero masculino, idade variando de 35 a 49 anos, foram submetidas a dissecçao do cúboide e do 4° metatarso bilateralmente, decorticadas as superfícies articulares e realizada fixação com parafuso cortical Cortical Screw 3.5mm Impol, e Agrafe - Uni-clip® Staple 2.0 NewDeal. RESULTADOS: Os 20 ensaios biomecânicos foram completados. A analise estatística dos métodos agrafe vs parafuso cortical, em relação a energia acumulada até atingir o pico de força do ensaio p= 0.047, e a energia acumulada até o final do ensaio p= 0.047 apresentaram diferença significativa. CONCLUSÃO: Os picos de carga suportados pelas estabilizaçoes com agrafe e com parafuso cortical decrescem, significativamente, com a idade. Observa-se valores de força superiores para o agrafe em ossos osteoporóticos. A energia acumulada na area de trabalho dos graficos nos ensaios com o agrafe, mostram-se estatisticamente superiores aos valores para os Parafusos Corticais.Acta Ortopédica Brasileira 12/2007; 16(1):45-48. · 0.16 Impact Factor
Article: Lisfranc Injuries[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Lisfranc injuries are commonly asked about in FRCS Orthopaedic trauma vivas. The term “Lisfranc injury” strictly refers to an injury where one or more of the metatarsals are displaced from the tarsus. The term is more commonly used to describe an injury to the midfoot centred on the 2nd tarsometarsal joint. The injury is named after Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin (1790-1847), a French surgeon and gynaecologist who first described the injury in 1815. ‘Lisfranc injury’ encompasses a broad spectrum of injuries, which can be purely ligamentous or involve the osseous and articular structures. They are often difficult to diagnose and treat, but if not detected and appropriately managed they can cause long-term disability. This review outlines the anatomy, epidemiology, classification, investigation and current evidence on management of this injury.Injury 12/2014; 46. DOI:10.1016/j.injury.2014.11.026 · 2.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this prospective study was to test whether the treatment of Lisfranc injuries with open reduction and dorsal plate fixation would have the same or better functional outcomes as treatment with standard trans-articular screw fixation. Sixty patients with primarily isolated Lisfranc joint injury were treated by open reduction and dorsal plate fixation or standard screw fixation. The patients were followed on average for 31 months. Evaluation was performed with patients' chief complaint, clinical examination, radiography, and AOFAS Midfoot Scale. Thirty two patients were treated with open reduction and dorsal plate fixation, and twenty eight patients were treated with open reduction and screw fixation. After two years follow-up, the mean AOFAS Midfoot score was 83.1 points in the dorsal plate fixation group and 78.5 points in the screw fixation group (p<0.01). Of the dorsal plate fixation group, radiographic analysis revealed anatomic reduction in twenty-nine patients (90.6%, 29/32) and nonanatomic reduction in three patients. Of the screw fixation group, radiographic analysis revealed anatomic reduction in twenty-three patients and nonanatomic reduction in five patients (82.1%, 23/28). Open reduction and dorsal plate fixation for a dislocated Lisfranc injury do have better short and median term outcome and a lower reoperation rate than standard screw ORIF. In our experience, we recommend using dorsal plate in ORIF on dislocated Lisfranc injuries. Level of Evidence II, Prospective Comparative Study.Acta Ortopédica Brasileira 11/2014; 22(6):315-20. DOI:10.1590/1413-78522014220600576 · 0.16 Impact Factor