Sexual functioning assessed in 4 double-blind placebo- and paroxetine-controlled trials of duloxetine for major depressive disorder.
ABSTRACT The onset or worsening of sexual dysfunction is a common treatment-emergent side effect of antidepressant medications. Post hoc analyses of pooled data from placebo-controlled studies were utilized to assess sexual functioning in patients receiving duloxetine or paroxetine.
Acute-phase data were obtained from four 8-week, double-blind, placebo- and paroxetine-controlled trials of similar design in which patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for major depressive disorder were randomly assigned to receive placebo (N = 371), duloxetine (40-120 mg/day; N = 736), or paroxetine (20 mg/day; N = 359). Pooling of data from these studies was anticipated during study design. This represented all available data from duloxetine studies in which the Arizona Sexual Experience Scale (ASEX) was administered both at baseline and endpoint. Long-term data were available from extension phases in 2 of these trials in which acute treatment responders received placebo (N = 129), duloxetine (80-120 mg/day; N = 297), or paroxetine (20 mg/day; N = 140) for an additional 26 weeks. Data were collected between March 2000 and July 2002.
The incidence of acute treatment-emergent sexual dysfunction was significantly lower among duloxetine-treated patients compared with those receiving paroxetine (p = .015), although both rates were significantly higher than placebo (p = .007 and p < .001 for duloxetine and paroxetine, respectively). Treatment group differences in the incidence of treatment-emergent dysfunction did not vary significantly by gender. In female patients, acute treatment-emergent sexual dysfunction was significantly lower in the duloxetine treatment group compared with the paroxetine treatment group (p = .032), with both rates being significantly higher than placebo (p = .049 and p < .001 for duloxetine and paroxetine, respectively). In the somewhat smaller group of male patients, acute treatment-emergent dysfunction did not differ significantly between duloxetine and placebo treatment groups, but the incidence was significantly higher in paroxetine-treated male patients compared with male placebo patients (p = .012). The long-term incidence of treatment-emergent dysfunction did not differ significantly between duloxetine-, paroxetine-, and placebo-treated patients.
In this analysis of pooled data, patients receiving duloxetine (40-120 mg/day) or paroxetine (20 mg/day) had a significantly higher incidence of acute treatment-emergent sexual dysfunction when compared with placebo patients. However, the incidence of acute treatment-emergent dysfunction for duloxetine was significantly lower than that observed for paroxetine.
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ABSTRACT: Sexual dysfunction (SD) is prevalent in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and is also associated with second-generation antidepressants (SGADs) that are commonly used to treat the condition. Evidence indicates under-reporting of SD in efficacy studies. SD associated with antidepressant treatment is a serious side effect that may lead to early termination of treatment and worsening of quality of life. Our objective was to systematically assess the harms of SD associated with SGADs in adult patients with MDD by drug type. We retrieved English-language abstracts from PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts from 1980 to October 2012 as well as from reference lists of pertinent review articles and grey literature searches. Two independent reviewers identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of at least 6 weeks' duration and observational studies with at least 1,000 participants. Reviewers abstracted data on study design, conduct, participants, interventions, outcomes and method of SD ascertainment, and rated risk of bias. A senior reviewer checked and confirmed extracted data and risk-of-bias ratings. Random effects network meta-analysis using Bayesian methods for data from head-to-head trials and placebo-controlled comparisons; descriptive analyses calculating weighted mean rates from individual trials and observational studies. Data from 63 studies of low and moderate risk of bias (58 RCTs, five observational studies) with more than 26,000 patients treated with SGADs were included. Based on network meta-analyses of 66 pairwise comparisons from 37 RCTs, most comparisons showed a similar risk of SD among included SGADs. However, credible intervals were wide and included differences that would be considered clinically relevant. We observed three main patterns: bupropion had a statistically significantly lower risk of SD than some other SGADs, and both escitalopram and paroxetine showed a statistically significantly higher risk of SD than some other SGADs. We found reporting of harms related to SD inconsistent and insufficient in some trials. Most trials were conducted in highly selected populations. Search was restricted to English-language only. Because of the indirect nature of the comparisons, the often wide credible intervals, and the high variation in magnitude of outcome, we rated the overall strength of evidence with respect to our findings as low. The current degree of evidence does not allow a precise estimate of comparative risk of SD associated with a specific antidepressant. In the absence of such evidence, clinicians need to be aware of SD as a common adverse event and should discuss patients' preferences before initiating antidepressant therapy.Drug Safety 12/2013; DOI:10.1007/s40264-013-0129-4 · 2.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective: To establish norms for sexual functioning questionnaire (SFQ) in Indian population. Materials and Methods: 100 male subjects, diagnosed with depressive disorder and currently in a state of clinical remission for a period of at least 4 weeks were evaluated on SFQ and Arizona Sexual Experience Questionnaire (ASEX). Result: By using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves a score of 14 was considered to be a cutoff for sexual dysfunction as per SFQ. This cutoff yielded a sensitivity of 91.7% and specificity of 86.4% for the detection of sexual dysfunction. The PPV of the instrument at this cutoff was 87%. Conclusion: A cutoff of 14 should be used to define sexual dysfunction as per SFQ.Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine 10/2014; 36(4):404-7. DOI:10.4103/0253-7176.140727
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ABSTRACT: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of vortioxetine 2.5-, 5- and 10-mg once-daily doses vs. placebo in the treatment of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). In this 8-week, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase 3 study, patients with a primary GAD diagnosis were randomised to receive placebo (n = 157), vortioxetine 2.5 mg, vortioxetine 5 mg, vortioxetine 10 mg or duloxetine 60 mg once daily (n = 156 each). The primary end-point, mean change from baseline in Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A) total score and key secondary end-points for the 5- and 10-mg vortioxetine doses were analysed in a prespecified sequential testing procedure (all at week 8). Sexual dysfunction was evaluated using the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale. Differences from placebo in the primary efficacy end-point were not statistically significant for the vortioxetine groups. The mean difference from placebo was significant in the duloxetine arm. For all secondary efficacy end-points, results were similar among the vortioxetine groups and did not reach statistical significance. The vortioxetine 10-mg group showed separation from placebo on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression anxiety subscore (nominal p = 0.036). Duloxetine 60 mg significantly improved the primary end-point (p < 0.05 vs. placebo), validating the study. Nausea, dry mouth, diarrhoea, nasopharyngitis, headache, dizziness, somnolence, vomiting, dyspepsia, constipation and fatigue were reported in ≥ 5% of patients receiving vortioxetine. Rates of treatment-emergent sexual dysfunction (TESD) in the vortioxetine dosing groups were similar to placebo. In this study, vortioxetine 2.5-, 5- and 10-mg once-daily doses showed no significant improvement in HAM-A total scores vs. placebo. Vortioxetine was well tolerated at all doses and was not associated with TESD.International Journal of Clinical Practice 01/2014; 68(1):49-59. DOI:10.1111/ijcp.12328 · 2.54 Impact Factor