IL-2 and TNF-alpha promoter polymorphisms in patients with acute kidney graft rejection.
ABSTRACT Proinflammatory cytokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute kidney allograft rejection. The aim of the study was to examine the association between interleukin (IL)-2 -330 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha -308 promoter polymorphisms and acute kidney allograft rejection.
The study included 72 patients with long-term stable graft function, and 57 diagnosed with acute kidney allograft rejection.
Patients with acute kidney allograft rejection showed a prevalence of subjects with TNF-alpha T2 allele (P < .05). The risk of acute kidney allograft rejection diagnosis was 2.5-fold greater among carriers of the T2 allele than those homozygous for T1T1 (OR 2.53, 95% CI 1.19 to 5.37, P < .05) There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of IL-2 genotypes between patients with stable graft function and acute kidney allograft rejection.
The results suggest that TNF-alpha-308 promoter polymorphism is a risk factor for acute kidney allograft rejection.
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ABSTRACT: Acute rejection (AR) remains a concern for kidney transplantation. Cytokines are key mediators in the induction and effector phases of all immune and inflammatory responses. Single-nucleotide-polymorphisms (SNPs) in cytokines and their receptors may relate to AR. We investigated the relation between AR and SNPs in the genes encoding for IL-2(-330G>T), IL-10(-592C>A and -1082G>A), TGF-β1(915G>C), and IL-2RB(rs228942 C>A and rs228953 C>T) in 325 renal transplant patients during the first year after transplantation. The overall incidence of AR was 15.4%. In multivariate analysis, only the use of induction therapy was correlated with AR (odds ratio 1.9; 95%-confidence interval 1.1 - 3.7; p = 0.04). No statistically significant associations between the SNPs studied and AR were observed. SNPs in the investigated cytokines and their receptors were not associated with the risk of AR. Genotyping patients for these SNPs is unlikely to aid the clinician in adjusting the immunosuppressive therapy for individual patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Clinical Transplantation 03/2014; · 1.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Acute renal allograft rejection remains an important problem following kidney transplantation. Several immunological and non-immunological factors intervene in renal graft rejection. Glutathione S-transferase super family is one of the important enzymes for biotransformation of both exogenous and endogenous xenobiotic compounds such as immunosuppressive drugs. The new class of this family is omega that includes two subunits GSTO1 and GSTO2. In this study 282 samples were collected from renal recipients of Namazi hospital in Shiraz-Iran during 2007-2010 years. Also 300 healthy samples as control group were collected from Shiraz population, included in our study. The primary outcome of this study was defined as biopsy-proven acute rejection during 1 year of renal transplantation. We applied polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method for determination of GSTO2 N142D polymorphism. Our result showed no significant association between GSTO2 polymorphism and acute rejection. Also this genetic variant has no significant effect with the risk of end stage renal disease. Cadaveric donor type for acute rejection significantly differed between acute rejection and non acute rejection patients (P = 0.004). The combination effect of donor type and GSTO2 polymorphism indicates DD genotype with cadaver donor type increase risk of acute rejection (OR = 3.82, 95 % CI 1.80-12.37, P = 0.02).Molecular Biology Reports 05/2013; · 1.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: One reason for genetic variations among human individuals is SNP which may confer diverse disease susceptibility or resistance in a population. Genetic variations in a key immunoregulatory agent can manifest various immunological responses, such as graft rejection. In fact, the outcome of organ transplantation can be impacted by several genetic causes including polymorphisms in genes encoding cytokines and costimulatory molecules in the donor or recipient. Thus, it can be helpful to contemplate the SNPs relating to these immunological determinants in order to achieve an improved transplantation therapy.Expert Review of Clinical Immunology 11/2013; 9(11):1099-112. · 3.34 Impact Factor