Results of nonablative wrinkle reduction with a 1,450-nm diode laser: difficulties in the assessment of "subtle changes".
ABSTRACT Nonablative resurfacing has proven its efficacy in vascular and pigmented lesions, while its capacity of substantial wrinkle reduction is still discussed controversially. We present the treatment results of a 1,450 nm diode laser for facial rhytides.
Thirty facial regions were treated with a 1,450 nm diode laser. Pre- and post treatment pictures were compared by the treating physician and two blinded observers.
Even if mild improvement was rated in up to 35% of the post treatment pictures, a discrepancy shows up in the assessments of the three observers, presenting almost no congruency in the rating of improvement.
Our study failed to provide convincing data on the efficacy of nonablative treatment of rhytides with the 1,450 nm diode laser. In this respect, we challenge objective judgment in the assessment of subtle changes in nonablative wrinkle reduction.
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ABSTRACT: In the literature, non-ablative fractionated photothermolysis (nFP) is accredited with improvement of wrinkles and scars combined with a reduced downtime. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the impact of a combination laser (1,320/1,440 nm) for nFP on hypertrophic scars, acne scars, and facial wrinkles. Thirty-six patients suffering from hypertrophic scars (n = 7), acne scars (n = 9), and wrinkles (n = 20) were treated using a combination Nd:YAG laser [λ(em) = 1,320 and 1,440 nm, pulse duration: 3-ms single pulse, fluence: 8.0-9.0 J/cm(2) (1,320 nm); 2.0-2.5 J/cm(2) (1,440 nm)]. The appearance of the treated condition was evaluated in a retrospective study by two blinded investigators based on follow-up photographs and by patient self-assessment. The frequency of side-effects was also assessed. Both patients and blinded observers rated the treatment results for hypertrophic scars and acne scars as slight improvement, and for wrinkles as equal as compared to baseline. No serious side-effects were reported. The light device used did not lead to a considerable clinical improvement of hypertrophic scars, acne scars, or wrinkles in this study.Lasers in Medical Science 02/2011; 26(4):473-9. · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We describe a novel, minimally invasive laser technology for skin rejuvenation by creating isolated microscopic lesions within tissue below the epidermis using laser induced optical breakdown. Using an in-house built prototype device, tightly focused near-infrared laser pulses are used to create optical breakdown in the dermis while leaving the epidermis intact, resulting in lesions due to cavitation and plasma explosion. This stimulates a healing response and consequently skin remodelling, resulting in skin rejuvenation effects. Analysis of ex-vivo and in-vivo treated human skin samples successfully demonstrated the safety and effectiveness of the microscopic lesion creation inside the dermis. Treatments led to mild side effects that can be controlled by small optimizations of the optical skin contact and treatment depth within the skin. The histological results from a limited panel test performed on five test volunteers show evidence of microscopic lesion creation and new collagen formation at the sites of the optical breakdown. This potentially introduces a safe, breakthrough treatment procedure for skin rejuvenation without damaging the epidermis with no or little social down-time and with efficacy comparable to conventional fractional ablative techniques.Journal of Biophotonics 11/2011; 5(2):194-9. · 3.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the efficacy of a novel minimally invasive nonthermal skin rejuvenation technique for wrinkle and fine-line reduction based on laser-induced optical breakdown. The optical breakdown caused by tightly focused near-infrared laser pulses creates a grid of intradermal lesions without affecting the epidermis, leading to skin rejuvenation. The pilot in vivo efficacy test performed on five subjects successfully demonstrates wrinkle and fine-line reduction, and improvement of other skin features without pain or any other unpleasant sensations or any social downtime associated with the treatment. The efficacy is evaluated objectively and subjectively by assessing the improvement of wrinkles and/or fine lines or skin texture after the treatment. The treatment is safe without side effects or social downtime, and all test subjects reported that the treatment is "perceptible but not painful." Four out of the five subjects who participated in this pilot study were assessed to have "minor" to "significant" improvements of wrinkles and fine lines by the professional panels. The results of this clinical study are expected to bring a paradigm shift in the present laser- and light-based skin rejuvenation methods by introducing a safe treatment procedure without damaging the epidermis, with no or little social downtime and with an efficacy that might be comparable to ablative techniques.Lasers in Medical Science 08/2012; · 2.42 Impact Factor