Effect of different carbon sources on endochitinase production by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides.
ABSTRACT The present work analyzes the production of endochitinase by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, a phytopathogenic fungus, using six different carbon sources and two pH values. For quantitative assay of endochitinase activity in solution, the synthetic substrate 4-methylumbelliferyl-beta-D-N,N',N"-triacetylchitotrioside was used. The major productions were obtained at pH 7.0 and 9.0, when colloidal chitin and glucose were used, whereas xylose and lactose were not good carbon sources. When testing different concentrations of colloidal chitin, glucose and glucosamine, colloidal chitin 0.5% was the best substrate, giving values of 2.4 U at the fifth day. When using glucose, best production occurred at 0.3% concentration, after 5 days growth, with values of 1.31 U. Endochitinase production was markedly decreased in high levels of glucose and in all glucosamine concentrations tested. SDS-PAGE co-polymerized with glycol-chitin analysis showed three major activity bands of 200, 100, and 95 kDa, when incubated at 50 degrees C.