[Case of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease associated with congenital hepatic fibrosis].
ABSTRACT A 31-year-old man was admitted to the hospital because of a low-grade fever, general malaise, nausea, vomiting, and a poor appetite. On admission his renal function was severely deteriorated (serum creatinine 16.12 mg/dl, BUN 163 mg/dl), and he had severe anemia (Hb 7.5 g/dl) and thrombocytopenia (67,000/microl). A radiological examination revealed the presence of multiple cysts in his kidneys bilaterally. The patient was diagnosed as having end-stage renal disease due to polycystic kidney disease, and hemodialysis was started on the day of admission. After the initiation of hemodialysis, his symptoms and laboratory tests improved, except for anemia and thrombocytopenia. He was noted to have marked splenomegaly and dilation of the portal vein, raising the suspicion of portal hypertension as the cause of the splenomegaly and pancytopenia. To treat his pancytopenia (anemia and thrombocytopenia) and to determine the reason for his portal hypertension, a splenectomy and open-wedge biopsy of the liver were performed. Histological findings in the liver included extensive fibrosis of the portal areas with an excess of moderately dilated bile ducts, compatible with a diagnosis of congenital hepatic fibrosis. After splenectomy, his red blood cell and platelet counts returned to normal, and he was discharged on maintenance dialysis. Congenital hepatic fibrosis is often associated with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), but not with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). However, both his mother and older brother had multiple renal cysts, indicating that this was an unusual case of ADPKD complicated by congenital hepatic fibrosis.