Validation of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ 11-14).

Department of Oral Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Otago, PO Box 647, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Journal of Dental Research (Impact Factor: 4.14). 08/2005; 84(7):649-52. DOI: 10.1177/154405910508400713
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT While the use of adult oral-health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) measures in supplementing clinical indicators has increased, that for children has lagged behind, because of the difficulties of developing and validating such measures for children. This study examined the construct validity of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ(11-14)) in a random sample of 12- and 13-year-old New Zealanders. It was hypothesized that children with more severe malocclusions or greater caries experience would have higher overall (and subscale domain) CPQ(11-14) scores. Children (N = 430) completed the CPQ(11-14) and were examined for malocclusion (Dental Aesthetic Index) and dental caries. There was a distinct gradient in mean CPQ(11-14) scores by malocclusion severity, but there were differences across the four subscales. Children in the worst 25% of the DMFS distribution had higher CPQ(11-14) scores overall and for each of the 4 subscales. The construct validity of the CPQ(11-14) appears to be acceptable.

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May 31, 2014