Article

Validation of Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ 11–14)

Department of Oral Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Otago, PO Box 647, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Journal of Dental Research (Impact Factor: 4.14). 08/2005; 84(7):649-52. DOI: 10.1177/154405910508400713
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT While the use of adult oral-health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) measures in supplementing clinical indicators has increased, that for children has lagged behind, because of the difficulties of developing and validating such measures for children. This study examined the construct validity of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ(11-14)) in a random sample of 12- and 13-year-old New Zealanders. It was hypothesized that children with more severe malocclusions or greater caries experience would have higher overall (and subscale domain) CPQ(11-14) scores. Children (N = 430) completed the CPQ(11-14) and were examined for malocclusion (Dental Aesthetic Index) and dental caries. There was a distinct gradient in mean CPQ(11-14) scores by malocclusion severity, but there were differences across the four subscales. Children in the worst 25% of the DMFS distribution had higher CPQ(11-14) scores overall and for each of the 4 subscales. The construct validity of the CPQ(11-14) appears to be acceptable.

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    • "On the other hand, children's responses may be influenced by other things, such as their physical or emotional state, social norms, or behavior (Jocovic et al., 2005). The convergent validity varied across studies conducted in different languages, which suggests that there might be some cultural differences as well (Jocovic et al., 2002; Foster Page et al., 2005; Marshman et al., 2005; Brown and Al-Khayal, 2006; Broder and Wilson-Genderson, 2007; McGrath et al., 2008). An observed association between oral health and the CPQ total scale and two subscales in the second survey may reflect that the children have become cognitively more aware about the concept of health and oral health or that they started to pay more attention to their oral health and its impacts on their lives after the first survey. "
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    • "Oral health is an integral component of overall health and wellbeing. Dental caries among children is a chronic condition that not only causes pain, but impacts on a child’s ability to function (Sheiham [6], Gaynor and Thomson [7], Foster Page et al. [8]). ECC is defined as the presence of one or more decayed, missing or filled teeth (dmft, the index for caries severity) in the primary dentition in a child younger than six years. "
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    • "Exploring each OHIP-14 domain, IOTN scores were most closely correlated with impact on the psychological discomfort and functional limitation domains of OHRQoL. Similar results have been reported in children aged 11–14 years [4,14] and in young adults [3,29]. This is logical when we consider that the most common reason for seeking orthodontic treatment is to correct dental esthetics and improve self-esteem [3]. "
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