Validation of Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ 11–14)
ABSTRACT While the use of adult oral-health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) measures in supplementing clinical indicators has increased, that for children has lagged behind, because of the difficulties of developing and validating such measures for children. This study examined the construct validity of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ(11-14)) in a random sample of 12- and 13-year-old New Zealanders. It was hypothesized that children with more severe malocclusions or greater caries experience would have higher overall (and subscale domain) CPQ(11-14) scores. Children (N = 430) completed the CPQ(11-14) and were examined for malocclusion (Dental Aesthetic Index) and dental caries. There was a distinct gradient in mean CPQ(11-14) scores by malocclusion severity, but there were differences across the four subscales. Children in the worst 25% of the DMFS distribution had higher CPQ(11-14) scores overall and for each of the 4 subscales. The construct validity of the CPQ(11-14) appears to be acceptable.
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Article: Validation of Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ 11–14)
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- "On the other hand, children's responses may be influenced by other things, such as their physical or emotional state, social norms, or behavior (Jocovic et al., 2005). The convergent validity varied across studies conducted in different languages, which suggests that there might be some cultural differences as well (Jocovic et al., 2002; Foster Page et al., 2005; Marshman et al., 2005; Brown and Al-Khayal, 2006; Broder and Wilson-Genderson, 2007; McGrath et al., 2008). An observed association between oral health and the CPQ total scale and two subscales in the second survey may reflect that the children have become cognitively more aware about the concept of health and oral health or that they started to pay more attention to their oral health and its impacts on their lives after the first survey. "
ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim was to compare the oral health-related quality of life among 11- to 14-year-old patients with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) and schoolchildren without CLP. The validity and reliability of the Finnish Child Perception Questionnaire designed for 11- to 14-year-olds (CPQ11-14) was also assessed. Design and subjects: Participants in this cross-sectional questionnaire survey study were children aged 11 to 14 years from two groups. The CLP sample included all children of this age who had had CLP selected from the regional treatment register (N = 51). The school sample included children from four school classes (N = 82). Informed consent from parents was obtained. Ethical clearance and parental informed consent were obtained. Main outcome measures: Oral health-related quality of life was measured with the CPQ11-14. Results: The CPQ11-14 total and functional limitations, emotional well-being, and social well-being subscores were poorer among patients with CLP than among schoolchildren without CLP (mean scores: 55.5 versus 15.0; 11.9 versus 5.1; 14.0 versus 2.8; 12.6 versus 4.2; and 17.1 versus 2.9, respectively; all P < .001 for Mann-Whitney tests). Cronbach alpha value was 0.97 for total scale and between 0.81 and 0.94 for subscales. Among all children in the school sample, intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.79 for total scale and varied between 0.65 and 0.74 for subscales. Conclusion: The oral health-related quality of life of Finnish children with CLP was considerably poorer than that of their peers in overall and all dimensions, especially social well-being. The CPQ11-14 showed appropriate reliability and validity.The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal 07/2015; DOI:10.1597/14-180 · 1.20 Impact Factor
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- "Oral health is an integral component of overall health and wellbeing. Dental caries among children is a chronic condition that not only causes pain, but impacts on a child’s ability to function (Sheiham , Gaynor and Thomson , Foster Page et al. ). ECC is defined as the presence of one or more decayed, missing or filled teeth (dmft, the index for caries severity) in the primary dentition in a child younger than six years. "
ABSTRACT: Maaori are the Indigenous people of New Zealand and do not enjoy the same oral health status as the non-Indigenous majority. To overcome oral health disparities, the life course approach affords a valid foundation on which to develop a process that will contribute to the protection of the oral health of young infants. The key to this process is the support that could be provided to the parents or care givers of Maaori infants during the pregnancy of the mother and the early years of the child. This study seeks to determine whether implementing a kaupapa Maaori (Maaori philosophical viewpoint) in an early childhood caries (ECC) intervention reduces dental disease burden among Maaori children. The intervention consists of four approaches to prevent early childhood caries: dental care provided during pregnancy, fluoride varnish application to the teeth of children, motivational interviewing, and anticipatory guidance.Methods/design: The participants are Maaori women who are expecting a child and who reside within the Maaori tribal area of Waikato-Tainui.This randomised-control trial will be undertaken utilising the principles of kaupapa Maaori research, which encompasses Maaori leadership, Maaori relationships, Maaori customary practices, etiquette and protocol. Participants will be monitored through clinical and self-reported information collected throughout the ECC intervention. Self-report information will be collected in a baseline questionnaire during pregnancy and when children are aged 24 and 36 months. Clinical oral health data will be collected during standardised examinations at ages 24 and 36 months by calibrated dental professionals. All participants receive the ECC intervention benefits, with the intervention delayed by 24 months for participants who are randomised to the control-delayed arm. The development and evaluation of oral health interventions may produce evidence that supports the application of the principles of kaupapa Maaori research in the research processes. This study will assess an ECC intervention which could provide a meaningful approach for Maaori for the protection and maintenance of oral health for Maaori children and their family, thus reducing oral health disparities.Trial registration: Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register (ANZCTR): ACTRN12611000111976.BMC Public Health 12/2013; 13(1):1177. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1177 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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- "Exploring each OHIP-14 domain, IOTN scores were most closely correlated with impact on the psychological discomfort and functional limitation domains of OHRQoL. Similar results have been reported in children aged 11–14 years [4,14] and in young adults [3,29]. This is logical when we consider that the most common reason for seeking orthodontic treatment is to correct dental esthetics and improve self-esteem . "
ABSTRACT: Background The objectives for this study were to assess Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in young people aged 15–25 who sought orthodontic treatment, and to measure the association between orthodontic treatment need (using the IOTN), sex, age and education level, and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL). Methods Survey of a consecutive series of 323 young adults aged 15 to 25 years, attending orthodontic clinics at the Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA. Participants completed the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) and had a clinical examination including the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need- Dental Health Component (IOTN-DHC). Data analyses included descriptive statistics, One-way ANOVA and bivariate and multivariate regression models. Results The mean overall score (± SD) for OHIP-14 in young people aged 15–25 was 22.6 ± 12.5. The psychological discomfort domain was the domain where highest impact was recorded with a mean (± SD) of 4.0 ± 1.9. The regression analyses showed a significant association of IOTN-DHC with overall OHIP-14 score (p < 0.05). Although females reported a slightly higher impact than males, this was not significant in both bivariate and multivariate analyses. Age group had a significant negative association with overall OHIP-14 score (p < 0.05). The 15–18 year old group showed the highest impact on their quality of life due to malocclusion. Participants with a university education report a significantly higher impact on OHRQoL as compared to participants with only secondary education. Conclusion Malocclusion has a significant negative impact on OHRQoL and its domains. This is greatest for the psychological discomfort domain. Younger people and those with a university education report higher levels of impact. There was no reported difference in impact between male and females.Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 02/2013; 11(1):25. DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-11-25 · 2.12 Impact Factor