Primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the cervix uteri: A case report Changing concepts in therapy

Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands
Gynecologic Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.69). 10/2005; 98(3):516-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2005.05.020
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) of the cervix uteri is extremely rare. Between 1987 and 2002, there have been eight cases described in the English literature. The treatment policies in these eight cases differed considerably, partly due to the rarity of the disease and to differing time periods of diagnosis and treatment.
At the end of 2002, a 21-year-old woman presented with a PNET of the cervix uteri at our institute, the Erasmus Medical Center. For the appropriate treatment in this case, we reviewed the literature and decided that the treatment should be different from the local surgical treatment followed by additional treatments as most of the earlier reports describe.
In view of the current knowledge of PNET belonging to the family of Ewing's sarcoma, and the improvement of treatment outcome in these tumors due to dose-intensive neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, patients with PNET of the cervix should be treated in accordance to the protocol for bony Ewing's sarcoma with multimodality therapy by means of induction chemotherapy, surgery, and consolidation chemotherapy.

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    ABSTRACT: Primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the cervix are very rare. A 28-year-old pregnant woman presented with a cervical mass. The tumor was staged as IB2. The biopsy from tumor was suggestive of malignant small round cell tumor. She then underwent termination of pregnancy followed by radical hysterectomy. Based on morphologic and immunohistochemical profile, a diagnosis of peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the cervix was made. The patient received adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The patient is alive and disease-free 33 months post-surgery. The present case highlights the importance of keeping primitive neuroectodermal tumors in the differential diagnosis of small cell neoplasms of the uterine cervix. Pregnancy should not be a barrier to early detection and treatment of this potentially aggressive tumor. The optimal treatment methods have not yet been established because of the rarity of the tumor.
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