In vitro profile of the antidepressant candidate OPC-14523 at rat and human 5-HT1A receptors.
ABSTRACT This study determined the in vitro functional profile of 1-[3-[4-(3-chlorophenyl)-1-piperazinyl]propyl]-5-methoxy-3,4-dihydro-2-quinolinone monomethanesulfonate (OPC-14523) at rat and human serotonin (5-HT) 5-HT1A receptors and binding affinity of OPC-14523 at human frontocortical 5-HT1A receptors. OPC-14523 (1 microM) increased guanosine-5'-O-(3-[35S]thio)-triphosphate ([35S]GTPgammaS) binding to 5-HT1A receptor-containing regions of rat brain tissue sections (approximately 53% of the effect of 1 microM (+)8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin ((+)8-OH-DPAT) that were blocked by the selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist N-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-2-pyridinylcyclohexanecarboxamide (WAY-100635). OPC-14523 also behaved as a partial agonist in its stimulation of [35S]GTPgammaS binding to membranes from rat hippocampus (pEC50=7.60+/-0.23, Emax=41.1% of the effect of 10 microM (+)8-OH-DPAT), human frontal cortex (pEC50=7.89+/-0.08; Emax=64% of the effect of 10 microM (+)8-OH-DPAT), and Chinese Hamster Ovary cells expressing cloned human 5-HT1A receptors (pEC50=8.0+/-0.11; Emax=85.5% of the effect of 10 microM 5-HT), and all of these effects of OPC-14523 were blocked by WAY-100635. Taken together, these data support the development of OPC-14523 as an antidepressant whose mechanism of action involves potent partial agonist activity at 5-HT1A receptors.
- Trends in Neurosciences - TRENDS NEUROSCI. 01/1996; 19(9):378-383.
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ABSTRACT: Given that an important proportion of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) fail to respond adequately to serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitors (SRI), augmentation strategies aimed at enhancing further 5-HT transmission by different mechanisms were attempted sequentially in 13 SRI-resistant patients. Addition of the 5-HT1A l beta-adrenergic antagonist pindolol did not alter OCD symptomatology but produced a rapid improvement of depressive symptoms. The 5-HT1A agonist buspirone as well as 5-hydroxytryptophan, the immediate precursor of 5-HT, added to the SRI-pindolol regimen, were not effective in attenuating the intensity of OCD. Tryptophan, added to the SRI-pindolol regimen, produced a significant improvement after 4 weeks, with further amelioration after 6 weeks (36% decrease of the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Score), which was maintained with treatment prolongation.International Clinical Psychopharmacology 04/1996; 11(1):37-44. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The role of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) in the treatment of depressive and anxiety disorders is underscored by the therapeutic action of selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors acting to enhance the degree of activation of various 5-HT receptor subtypes. The 5-HT1A receptors are particularly relevant to the antidepressant and anxiolytic responses in human beings. They are located presynaptically in the raphe nuclei, where they act as cell body autoreceptors to inhibit the firing rate of 5-HT neurons, and are located postsynaptically in limbic and cortical regions, where they also attenuate firing activity. The azapirones are full agonists at 5-HT1A autoreceptors and are generally, but not exclusively, partial agonists at postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors. Some of these drugs, including gepirone and other 5-HT1A agonists such as buspirone, have been reported to exert anxiolytic and antidepressive activity in double-blind, placebo-controlled, and comparative trials. Their delayed therapeutic activity is believed to result from increased activation of postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors occurring only after 5-HT neurons regain their normal firing activity. The recovery of this parameter, which is attributable to 5-HT1A autoreceptor desensitization, also restores 5-HT release. At this point, the summed effects of a normalized level of synaptic 5-HT and the exogenous 5-HT1A agonist can be exerted on postsynaptic 5-HT1A receptors. The widespread recognition of the clinical efficacy of such agents has largely been hampered by their undesirable pharmacokinetic properties. Most 5-HT1A agonists are indeed readily absorbed but are also rapidly eliminated, thereby often producing either suboptimal therapeutic responses at low doses, or cumbersome adverse effects at higher doses. Extended-release formulations allow once-daily dosing regimens, thus avoiding sharp peak plasma concentrations. This improves compliance and permits the use of higher dosages, which may be associated with enhanced efficacy and better tolerability relative to the immediate-release formulations. In sum, -HT1A receptor agonism represents a valuable and efficacious therapeutic approach to major depression.Biological Psychiatry - BIOL PSYCHIAT. 01/2003; 53(3):193-203.