Culture supernatant of Lactobacillus acidophilus stimulates proliferation of embryonic cells.
ABSTRACT Our previous report showed that supernatants of Lactobacillus acidophilus (LS) cultures possessed chemotactic and angiogenic properties. Specifically, LS stimulated gene expression and the secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), the proliferation of immune cells in vitro, and blood vessel formation. Chemotaxis and proliferation of inflammatory cells in vivo were also stimulated by LS. In the current study, we hypothesized that LS stimulates the growth and development of other rapidly dividing cells, including embryonic cells. The stimulatory effects of LS on a neuroblastoma cell line (Neuro-2a), chicken embryos, and bovine embryos were examined. The addition of LS to Neuro-2a cultures caused a proliferation of cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Pretreatment of LS at 56 degrees C for 30 mins did not affect its stimulatory activity. The administration of LS to the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of chicken-embryonated eggs for 1-2 days resulted in extensive thickening of the membrane. The thickening was due to the influx and proliferation of fibroblasts and inflammatory cells, the accumulation of loose connective tissue composed primarily of mucopolysaccharides, and/or the formation of blood vessels. Stimulatory effects of LS on bovine embryos were also observed. The treatment with LS significantly promoted the development of zygotes to the four-cell stage and from the four-cell stage to blastocysts. These results have confirmed our hypothesis that LS exerts a stimulatory effect on the cells of embryonic stages including neuroblastoma cells, the CAM of chicken embryos, and bovine embryos from zygotes to blastocysts.
Article: Effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus supernatants on body weight and leptin expression in rats.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Lactobacillus extracts and supernatants have been used as probiotics in human and veterinary medicine for their ability to enhance wound healing and immunity. Previous data from our laboratory demonstrated that Lactobacillus supernatant (LS) stimulated wound healing, angiogenesis and proliferation of embryonic cells after topical application. This current study shows that LS after its administration into the cerebral ventricles of male rats exerts systemic effects. The right lateral cerebral ventricle of young male rats was accessed through intracerebroventricular cannulation (ICV) under anesthesia and aseptic conditions. One group of control rats received saline solution, a second control group received 0.8 M lactic acid solution (to control for acidity of LS), and a third group received LS. The animals were sacrificed 12, 24, 48, 96 and 120 hours after the injection. Selected tissues were collected, fixed in 10% buffered formalin and used for immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Other tissues were frozen and extracted for immunoblotting LS-injected animals had a slight decrease in body weight when compared to their initial weight and to both control groups. Using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization leptin expression was studied in multiple brain sections and peripheral adipose tissue of control and LS-injected rats. Strong cytoplasmic stain was observed by both techniques in neurons of the cerebral cortex, thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus and, to lesser degree, in the cells of the choroid plexus in the LS-injected rats. Control animals demonstrated much less intense staining in neurons located in the same regions using immunohistochemistry and almost no staining with in situ hybridization technique. Adipose tissue exhibited slight presence of leptin in LS-treated animals. In contrast no immunohistochemical staining for GM-CSF and TNFalpha was observed in brains from control and treated rats. Western blotting showed mild increase in leptin and leptin receptors in intestines and retroperitoneal adipose tissues of LS-injected rats. This study demonstrates that direct administration of LS into rat CNS leads to a decrease in body weight of rats and an increase in the expression of leptin in specific areas of the brain and retroperitoneal adipose tissue.BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 02/2008; 8:5. · 2.24 Impact Factor
Article: GanedenBC30 cell wall and metabolites: anti-inflammatory and immune modulating effects in vitro.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study was performed to evaluate anti-inflammatory and immune modulating properties of the probiotic, spore-forming bacterial strain: Bacillus coagulans: GBI-30, (PTA-6086, GanedenBC30TM). In addition, cell wall and metabolite fractions were assayed separately to address whether biological effects were due to cell wall components only, or whether secreted compounds from live bacteria had additional biological properties. The spores were heat-activated, and bacterial cultures were grown. The culture supernatant was harvested as a source of metabolites (MTB), and the bacteria were used to isolate cell wall fragments (CW). Both of these fractions were compared in a series of in vitro assays. Both MTB and CW inhibited spontaneous and oxidative stress-induced ROS formation in human PMN cells and increased the phagocytic activity of PMN cells in response to bacteria-like carboxylated fluorospheres. Both fractions supported random PMN and f-MLP-directed PMN cell migration, indicating a support of immune surveillance and antibacterial defense mechanisms. In contrast, low doses of both fractions inhibited PMN cell migration towards the inflammatory mediators IL-8 and LTB4. The anti-inflammatory activity was strongest for CW, where the PMN migration towards IL-8 was inhibited down to dilutions of 1010.Both MTB and CW induced the expression of the CD69 activation marker on human CD3- CD56+ NK cells, and enhanced the expression of CD107a when exposed to K562 tumor cells in vitro.The fractions directly modulated cytokine production, inducing production of the Th2 cytokines IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10, and inhibiting production of IL-2.Both fractions further modulated mitogen-induced cytokine production in the following manner: Both fractions enhanced the PHA-induced production of IL-6 and reduced the PHA-induced production of TNF-alpha. Both fractions enhanced the PWM-induced production of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma. In addition, MTB also enhanced both the PHA- and the PWM-induced expression of IL-10. The data suggest that consumption of GanedenBC30TM may introduce both cell wall components and metabolites that modulate inflammatory processes in the gut. Both the cell wall and the supernatant possess strong immune modulating properties in vitro. The anti-inflammatory effects, combined with direct induction of IL-10, are of interest with respect to possible treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases as well as in support of a healthy immune system.BMC Immunology 03/2010; 11:15. · 2.53 Impact Factor