Kikuchi-Fujimoto's necrotizing lymphadenitis in association with discoid lupus erthematosus: a case report.

Division of Dermatology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Journal of Cutaneous Maedicine and Surgery (Impact Factor: 0.71). 01/2004; 8(6):442-5. DOI: 10.1007/s10227-004-0119-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Kikuchi-Fujimoto's necrotizing lymphadenitis (KFNL) is a rare, benign, self-limited condition characterized by constitutional symptoms, lymphadenopathy, and skin lesions.
We report a case of KFNL in a 43-year-old East Indian woman with a ten-year history of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) of the scalp and a three-month history of a erythematous plaque on the left nasal bridge, cervical lymphadenopathy, and fever. Skin biopsy samples were taken from the face and lymph node.
Histopathological examination of the skin revealed a mixed infiltrate of inflammatory cells, nuclear dust, and histiocytes phagocytosing nuclear debris in the reticular dermis. The lymph node showed interfollicular liquefactive necrosis, immunoblasts, and a similar cellular infiltrate as the skin. The non-necrotic areas demonstrated follicular hyperplasia. These pathological changes are associated with a diagnosis of KFNL.
KFNL is reported in association with systemic lupus erythematosus, but only two other cases of systemic KFNL in association with DLE exist in the literature. This case is unique in that the patient presented with cutaneous and systemic KFNL in the setting of longstanding DLE.

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    ABSTRACT: Kikuchi's disease, also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, is a systemic illness with classic clinical findings of cervical lymphadenopathy and fever. Diagnosis is confirmed by lymph node histology, which reveals paracortical foci of necrosis and a histiocytic infiltrate. Kikuchi's disease has been associated with a number of infections, but no single source has been identified. Diverse, often nonspecific, cutaneous findings have been described in up to 40% of cases. Description of the histopathologic findings of skin lesions is limited to single case reports and one case series. We describe a 24-year-old woman with fevers, lymphadenopathy, hepatic and hematologic abnormalities, and a skin eruption involving the face, neck, trunk, and extremities with characteristic lymph node and cutaneous histopathologic findings. We completed a systematic review of the clinical presentations and histopathology of Kikuchi's disease.
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