Percutaneous vertebroplasty in the treatment of pain caused by metastatic tumor.
ABSTRACT Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a radiologically guided therapeutic procedure that consists of percutaneous injection of polymethylmetacrylate (PMMA) into pathologic vertebral bodies. It is a minimally invasive procedure that is effective in the treatment of pain resulting from bone metastasis. This procedure has the advantage of providing rapid pain relief and spinal stabilization. A patient with severe, aggressive pain from metastatic lumbar spinal tumor of thyroid follicular carcinoma is presented herein. Despite treatment with analgesic agents, external beam radiation therapy, radioiodine therapy, and posterior fusion surgery, the pain reemerged and progressed. After percutaneous vertebroplasty, definite pain relief was achieved. Vertebroplasty would be useful as an additional or alternative pain relief method in patients with metastatic vertebral tumors.
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ABSTRACT: Background. The spine is the most common site of bone metastases due to thyroid cancer, developing in more than 3% of patients with well differentiated thyroid cancer. Nearly half of patients with bone metastases from thyroid cancer develop vertebral metastases. Spinal metastases are associated with significantly reduced quality of life due to pain, neurological deficit, and increased mortality. Summary: Treatment options for patients with thyroid spinal metastases include radioiodine therapy, pharmacologic therapy, surgical treatments as well as recent advances in radiosurgery and minimally invasive spinal surgery. Therapeutic interventions require a multidisciplinary approach and aim to control pain, preserve or improve neurologic function, optimize local tumor control, and improve quality of life. We have proposed a three-tiered approach to the management and practical algorithms for patients with spinal metastases from thyroid carcinoma. Conclusions: The introduction of novel and improved techniques for the treatment of spinal metastases has created the opportunity to significantly improve control of metastatic tumor growth and the quality of life for patients bone metastases from thyroid cancer. In order to effectively use these options, a multidisciplinary approach must be applied in the management of the patients with thyroid spinal metastases.Thyroid: official journal of the American Thyroid Association 05/2014; · 2.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Object Surgery for spinal metastasis is considered palliative, and postoperative survival is often less than a year. Recurrence of metastatic lesions is quite common, and it remains unclear whether repeat surgery is effective. In this study, the authors assessed independent predictors for survival at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery, and examined whether repeat surgery for recurrence of spinal metastasis influenced survival rates. Methods Retrospective review of the electronic medical records was performed to identify a consecutive population of adult patients who underwent surgery for spinal metastasis during the period 2005-2011. Utilizing a Cox proportional hazard regression model, the authors assessed independent predictors and risk factors for survival at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery. In addition, the impact of repeat surgery on survival was specifically assessed via multivariable analysis. Results A total of 99 patients were included in the final analysis. The overall mean postoperative duration of survival was 9.6 months. In addition to previously identified predictors of survival (preoperative ambulation, Karnofsky Performance Status [KPS], radiotherapy, primary cancer type, presence of extraspinal metastasis, and number of spinal segments with metastasis), pain on presentation and body mass index (BMI) of 25-30 were both independently associated with survival. Patients with recurrence who underwent repeat surgery had longer mean survival times than patients with recurrence who did not undergo repeat surgery (19.6 months vs 12.8 months, respectively). Repeat surgery was also independently associated with higher survival rates on multivariate analysis. Follow-up KPS was significantly higher in patients who underwent repeat surgery as well. Conclusions In addition to confirming previously identified predictors of survival following surgery for spinal metastasis, the authors identified BMI and pain on presentation as independent predictors of survival. They also found that repeat surgery may be a viable option in patients with metastatic recurrence and may offer prolonged survival, likely due to improved functionality, mitigating complications associated with immobility.Journal of neurosurgery. Spine 09/2012; · 1.61 Impact Factor