Prognostic significance of del(20q) in patients with hematological malignancies.
ABSTRACT Deletions of the long arm of chromosome 20 represent a common chromosomal abnormality associated with myeloid malignancies, in particular with myeloproliferative disorders (MPD), myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Using G-banding cytogenetic techniques, we found clones with del(20q) in 36 patients with hematological malignancies examined in our laboratory during the years 2001-2003: in 23 patients as a sole cytogenetic aberration and in 13 patients together with other chromosomal changes. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a probe specific for the 20q12 region was used in all cases to confirm the presence of the clone with deletion. For patients with additional or complex chromosomal rearrangements, multicolor FISH (M-FISH) analysis was performed. Statistical evaluation of the prognostic impact of sex, age, diagnosis, and karyotype was performed. The survival time correlated with the type of chromosomal aberration; no significant differences in survival were found for sex, age, and diagnosis.
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ABSTRACT: Deletion of the long arm of chromosome 20 is a common abnormality associated with myeloid malignancies. We characterized abnormalities of chromosome 20 as defined by metaphase cytogenetics (MC) in patients with myeloid neoplasms to define commonly deleted regions (CDR) and commonly retained regions (CRR) using genome-wide, high resolution single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-A) analysis. We reviewed the MC results of a cohort of 1,162 patients with myeloid malignancies, including myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasia (MDS/MPN), and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We further analyzed a subcohort of 532 patients by SNP-A using the Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP Array 6.0 and GeneChip Human Mapping 250K Nsp arrays. By MC, 5% (54/1,162) harbored a deletion of 20q; in 30% (16/54), del(20q) was the sole cytogenetic abnormality. By SNP-A analysis, we identified del(20q) in 23 patients, 3 not detected by MC. In four cases, monosomy 20 with a marker chromosome by MC was proven to be an interstitial deletion of 20q by SNP-A. We defined 2 CDR and 2 CRR on chromosome arm 20q: CDR1 spanned 2.5 Mb between bands 20q11.23 and 20q12, while CDR2 encompassed 1.8 Mb within 20q13.12. CRR1 spanned 1.9 Mb within 20q11.21 and CRR2 encompassed 2.5 Mb within 20q13.33. In contrast to other chromosomes frequently affected by deletions, no somatic copy neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH) was detected. Our data suggest that SNP-A is useful for the detection of cryptic aberrations of chromosome 20q and allows for a more precise characterization of complex karyotypes. Furthermore, SNP-A allowed definition of a CDR on 20q.Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 04/2010; 49(4):390-9. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A new clonal cell line, EM-G3, was derived from a primary lesion of human infiltrating ductal breast carcinoma. The line consisted of cuboidal cells with occasional appearance of more differentiated branched cells apparently involved in cell-to-cell communication. The EM-G3 cells, population doubling time 34 h, are dependent on the epidermal growth factor. Multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (mFISH) analysis demonstrated a stable diploid genome with several genetic changes. Immunocytochemical analysis of EM-G3 in vitro revealed positivity for keratins (K) K5, K14, K18, nuclear protein p63, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and other proteins indicative of a pattern of mammary epithelium bipotent progenitors. Detection of integrins alpha-6, beta-1, and protein CD44 by cDNA array also pointed to the character of basal/stem cells. In contrast, dominant cells in the human original tumor showed the luminal character (K18+, K19+, K5-, K14-, and p63-). However, cells with the immunocytochemical profile similar to that of cultured EM-G3 cells were found in minor clusters in the patient's tumor sections. The EM-G3 cells formed limited tumors in nu/nu mice. The cells in mouse tumors were organized in primitive ductal-like structures consisting of 1-3 large central luminal-like cells (EMA+) surrounded by peripheral myoepithelial-like cells (p63+/EMA-). The large central cells gradually disintegrated, forming a pseudolumen. Apparently, EM-G3 cells are able to partially differentiate in vivo as well as in vitro. Our results indicate that EM-G3 cells were derived from a premalignant population of common progenitors of luminal and myoepithelial cells that were immortalized in an early stage of tumorigenesis.Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 07/2007; 103(2):247-57. · 4.47 Impact Factor
- 8th Inten.Symp on MDS, Nagasaki, Japan, 2005; 01/2005