Primary cervical lymphoma: Report of two cases and review of the literature
ABSTRACT Primary lymphoma arising from the female genital tract has been rarely encountered. Primary cervical lymphoma is even rarer in gynecologic oncology practice and accounts for approximately only 1% of extranodal lymphomas. In this article, two cases of cervical lymphoma are presented with a review of the available literature.
A 51-year-old woman presented with abnormal vaginal discharge. On pelvic examination, cervix was apparently normal; however, a solid and mobile pelvic mass was palpated. Pap smear was reported as HSIL at another institution. Radiological evaluation revealed a cervical mass with a 3 cm diameter. Histopathological evaluation of LEEP material was reported as diffuse large B cell lymphoma. We performed abdominal hysterectomy plus bilateral salphingo-oopherectomy and the patient was treated with adjuvant 6 cycles of CHOP chemotherapy. A second case was a 49-year-old postmenopausal woman who had undergone a routine gynecologic follow-up examination without any complaint at another institution. Routine cytological smear revealed HSIL. Punch biopsy under colposcopic examination presented no remarkable pathology except for a benign inflammation. Due to discordance between cytology and histology, LEEP was performed under colposcopic examination, which revealed follicular lymphoma grade III. This patient was treated with 6 cycles CHOP chemotherapy without any surgery.
Primary cervical lymphoma is a rare disorder. Although most reported cases in the literature have a normal Pap smear, some may represent with co-existent cytological abnormalities. Therefore, cervical lymphomas should be kept in mind in patients with cytological abnormalities.
SourceAvailable from: Kenneth Coenegrachts[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Rare cervical cancers are responsible for a minority of cases encountered by a clinician. However, behavioral patterns, management, and prognosis of certain rare cervical cancers differ from either squamous carcinomas or adenocarcinomas. Here we present a case of a locally advanced cervical tumor as a presentation of an extranodal cervical non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), with a review of the current literature.01/2014; 2014:549619. DOI:10.1155/2014/549619
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ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the cervix is an extremely uncommon entity, with no standard established treatment protocol. A 43-year-old asymptomatic female with a history of dual hit blastic B-cell lymphoma/leukemia in complete remission presented with an incidental cervical mass, which was initially felt to represent a cervical fibroid on computed tomography (CT). It was further evaluated with ultrasound, biopsy, and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT), which demonstrated a growing biopsy-proven lymphomatous mass and new humeral head lesion. The patient was started on chemotherapy to control the newly diagnosed humeral head lesion, which then regressed. She then underwent radiation to the cervix with significant improvement in the cervical lymphoma. A review of cross-sectional imaging findings of lymphoma of the cervix is provided, including how to differentiate it from other more common diseases of the cervix. Clinical awareness of rare cervical masses such as lymphoma is very important in order to achieve timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment.04/2014; 2014:157268. DOI:10.1155/2014/157268
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ABSTRACT: Various hematopoietic neoplasms can involve the female genital system. The most common hematological malignancy that involves the female genital system is lymphoma and secondary involvement is more common than primary genital lymphoma. Rarely, leukemic infiltration and extramedullary plasmacytomas of the female genital tract may also occur. Being infrequent, these lesions are commonly misdiagnosed radiologically. Therefore, understanding these malignancies of the female genital system and recognizing their imaging features are of utmost clinical importance. Although definitive diagnosis can be made only by histological analysis, imaging of these tumors plays an important role in detecting lesion extensions, guiding biopsies, staging disease, planning therapy, and detecting recurrence.Abdominal Imaging 03/2014; 39(4). DOI:10.1007/s00261-014-0102-4 · 1.73 Impact Factor