Coming together: the ATS/ERS consensus on clinical pulmonary function testing

Università degli Studi di Genova, Genova, Liguria, Italy
European Respiratory Journal (Impact Factor: 7.13). 08/2005; 26(1):1-2. DOI: 10.1183/09031936.05.00034205
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Hiatal hernias (HH) are associated with gastro-oesophageal reflux and may contribute to lung disease severity. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of HH among stable non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB) patients and determine associations with disease severity. A retrospective cross-sectional cohort study of 100 consecutive NCFB patients in our institution was performed. Data were collected on baseline variables, microbiology, lung function and radiology, according to the modified Bhalla score. Disease severity was assessed using the Bronchiectasis Severity Index (BSI) and FACED severity scores. Following expert radiological review, 81 patients were deemed suitable for study inclusion (mean age (SD) 62.6 (12.4), females 55 (67.9%), body mass index (BMI) 26.9 (5.7)); 29 (35.8%) were HH positive (HH+). HH+ patients had a trend towards higher BMI (P = 0.07), and a significantly higher proportion had reflux symptoms (HH+ 62.1% vs HH- 28.8%, P < 0.01). The presence of HH+ was associated with cystic bronchiectasis (HH+ 30.1%, HH- 11.5%; P = 0.03), increased number of lobes involved (HH+ 2.62 (1.54), HH- 2.17 (1.42); P = 0.03), increased extent of bronchiectasis, (HH+ 6.2 (4.7), HH- 4.5 (3.1); P = 0.04), decreased parenchymal attenuation (HH+ 1.0 (1.8), HH- 0.2 (0.5); P = 0.03) and reduced per cent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (HH+ 75.4% (24.5), HH- 90.4% (25.5); P = 0.02). There was no lobar predilection. HH+ was associated with increased disease severity scores: BSI (HH+ 4.93 (1.65), HH- 3.25 (2.13); P < 0.001) and FACED (HH+ 2.21 (1.52), HH- 1.35 (1.43); P < 0.01). HH+ was associated with worse disease severity in NCFB patients, characterized by decreased lung function, increased extent and severity of radiological disease, and increased composite disease severity scores. © 2015 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.
    Respirology 04/2015; DOI:10.1111/resp.12522 · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    American Thoracic Society 2010 International Conference, May 14-19, 2010 • New Orleans; 05/2010
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the bias and precision of the respiratory muscle training device formulas to predict respiratory minute volume (RMV) and volume of the reservoir bag (BV) on a cohort of subjects with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). CF patients with available pulmonary function tests and maximal voluntary manoeuvres were included in the study. Vital capacity and maximal voluntary ventilation were extracted from subjects' records and then inserted to the manufacturer's formulas to obtain RMV and BV (measured setting). RMV and BV were compared according to standard and measured formulas in males and females. Sample was described and then processed using Bland-Altman analysis. Bland-Altman analysis for RMV revealed a bias and precision of 8.8 ± 29 L/min in males and 28.8 ± 16 L/min in females; 0.4 ± 0.5 L in males and 0.7 ± 0.4 L in females for BV. Concordance correlation coefficients for RMV were -0.03 in males and 0.02 in females; 0.22 in males and 0.03 in females for BV, reinforcing an unsatisfactory concordance between measured and manufacturer setting. This study shows considerable discrepancies between the two methods, making the degree of agreement not clinically acceptable. This might cause inappropriate setting and disservice to patients with CF.
    Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10877-014-9633-z · 1.45 Impact Factor


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