[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy).
This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief.
Due to highly unethical practices, which include serial self plagiarism, data manipulation and falsification of results found across multiple papers in Acta Biomaterialia. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) is a 125 kDa non-receptor kinase that plays a major role in cancer cell survival and metastasis.
We performed computer modeling of the p53 peptide containing the site of interaction with FAK, predicted the peptide structure and docked it into the three-dimensional structure of the N-terminal domain of FAK involved in the complex with p53. We screened small molecule compounds that targeted the site of the FAK-p53 interaction and identified compounds (called Roslins, or R compounds) docked in silico to this site.
By different assays in isogenic HCT116p53+/+ and HCT116 p53-/- cells we identified a small molecule compound called Roslin 2 (R2) that bound FAK, disrupted the binding of FAK and p53 and decreased cancer cell viability and clonogenicity in a p53-dependent manner. In addition, dual-luciferase assays demonstrated that the R2 compound increased p53 transcriptional activity that was inhibited by FAK using p21, Mdm-2, and Bax-promoter targets. R2 also caused increased expression of p53 targets: p21, Mdm-2 and Bax proteins. Furthermore, R2 significantly decreased tumor growth, disrupted the complex of FAK and p53, and up-regulated p21 in HCT116 p53+/+ but not in HCT116 p53-/- xenografts in vivo. In addition, R2 sensitized HCT116p53+/+ cells to doxorubicin and 5-fluorouracil.
Thus, disruption of the FAK and p53 interaction with a novel small molecule reactivated p53 in cancer cells in vitro and in vivo and can be effectively used for development of FAK-p53 targeted cancer therapy approaches.
BMC Cancer 07/2013; 13(1):342. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Yeast has proven to be an efficient model system for functional and pharmacological studies of the p53 tumour suppressor protein. In this work, the human p53-MDMX regulatory pathway was reconstituted in yeast. Additionally, by using the known inhibitor of p53-MDMX interaction, SJ-172550, the efficacy of a simplified yeast-based screening assay to search for inhibitors of p53-MDMX interaction is demonstrated for the first time. Moreover, further insights on p53 transcriptional activity in yeast are provided. Particularly, it is shown that the reported wild-type (wt) p53-induced yeast growth inhibition and cell cycle arrest was associated with actin depolarization and with an increase of actin mRNA and protein expression levels. The increase of actin protein levels was not observed with the p53 R273H mutant (a loss of function p53 mutation hotspot) and was further intensified with the toxic p53 V122A mutant (reported to exhibit higher transcriptional activity than wt p53 for selected p53 target sequences). Moreover, it was shown that the wt p53-induced actin protein levels were modulated by natural (MDM2 and MDMX) and chemical (pifithrin-α, nutlin-3a and SJ-172550) regulators of p53 activity. Furthermore, wt p53 could weakly stimulate transcription from a minimal promoter containing a fragment of the ACT1 upstream sequence. Thus, ACT1 is proposed as a putative endogenous p53 target gene. This finding may open the way for the development of simpler yeast p53 transactivation assays, not based on artificial reporter constructs, for the analysis of the impact of mutants, cofactors and small molecules on p53 transcriptional activity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.