Health issues for surfers

Los Angeles Free Clinic, CA 90028, USA.
American family physician (Impact Factor: 2.18). 07/2005; 71(12):2313-7.
Source: PubMed


Surfers are prone to acute injuries as well as conditions resulting from chronic environmental exposure. Sprains, lacerations, strains, and fractures are the most common types of trauma. Injury from the rider's own surfboard may be the prevailing mechanism. Minor wound infections can be treated on an outpatient basis with ciprofloxacin or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Jellyfish stings are common and may be treated with heat application. Other treatment regimens have had mixed results. Seabather's eruption is a pruritic skin reaction caused by exposure to nematocyst-containing coelenterate larvae. Additional surfing hazards include stingrays, coral reefs, and, occasionally, sharks. Otologic sequelae of surfing include auditory exostoses, tympanic membrane rupture, and otitis externa. Sun exposure and skin cancer risk are inherent dangers of this sport.

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Available from: Suraj Achar, Jul 10, 2014
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    • "The rupture of the tympanic membrane is essentially due to an injury of the mechanical force of the wave in direct contact with the surfer's ear when he falls from the board. 12 In the study of Taylor et al, 7 it has been reported that the rupture of the tympanic membrane was present among the 5% of other types of injuries occurred among the interviewed surfers, along with head trauma, pneumothorax, rib fracture and broken teeth, the latter being also found in this study, with three cases in recreational surfi"
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    ABSTRACT: to analyze the prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries of surfers from the Paraná's seacoast. Sixty men (27 ± 6 years) completed a surf semi structured questionnaire (category, time of daily practice, frequency and exercises performed before and/or after surfing) and characteristics of injuries induced by this sport. A descriptive analysis of the data on distribution of the relative frequency was performed. It was found that 70% of the respondents practiced surfing as a relaxing activity, 28% were amateurs and 2% were professionals, who were surfing for 10 years or more. Most of them surfed between 2 to 4 times a week during 2 to 4 hours a day. The most common exercise performed before surfing was upper and lower limbs stretching and no exercises at all was done after practice. The most common injury was contusion (29%), lower limb was the most affected segment (46%) and the most common cause of injury was due to contact with the board (52%). The interruption period mostly reported was 1-3 months and the most frequent treatment was taking medicines. Recreational was the predominant category of surfers with lower limb's contusion as the most common musculoskeletal injury, resulting from contact with the board, being treated with medication and rest. Level of Evidence II, Retrospective Study.
    Acta Ortopédica Brasileira 07/2013; 21(4):213-8. DOI:10.1590/S1413-78522013000400006 · 0.19 Impact Factor
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    • "In general, avoid using freshwater to rinse off any hydroid (eg, jellyfish) fragments to prevent further nematocyst discharge . Instead, most wilderness medicine authors recommend using a solution composed of 50% acetic acid (5% concentration) and 50% isopropyl alcohol (40%–70% concentration) or seawater [21] [24]. Some toxins (eg, stingray) are heat labile, and soaking the wound in nonscalding hot water (up to 45 C/ 113 F) for 30 to 90 minutes may provide some relief. "
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    ABSTRACT: Extreme sport competition often takes place in locations that may harbor atypical diseases. This article discusses infections that may be more likely to occur in the extreme sport athlete, such as selected parasitic infections, marine infections, freshwater-borne diseases, tick-borne disease, and zoonoses. Epidemiology, presentation, treatment, complications, and return-to-sport issues are discussed for each of these diseases.
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