Article

Mammalian enzymes for preventing transcriptional errors caused by oxidative damage.

Biomolecular Engineering Research Institute Suita, Osaka 565-0874, Japan.
Nucleic Acids Research (Impact Factor: 9.11). 02/2005; 33(12):3779-84. DOI: 10.1093/nar/gki682
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT 8-Oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoGua) is produced in cells by reactive oxygen species normally formed during cellular metabolic processes. This oxidized base can pair with both adenine and cytosine, and thus the existence of this base in messenger RNA would cause translational errors. The MutT protein of Escherichia coli degrades 8-oxoGua-containing ribonucleoside di- and triphosphates to the monophosphate, thereby preventing the misincorporation of 8-oxoGua into RNA. Here, we show that for human the MutT-related proteins, NUDT5 and MTH1 have the ability to prevent translational errors caused by oxidative damage. The increase in the production of erroneous proteins by oxidative damage is 28-fold over the wild-type cells in E.coli mutT deficient cells. By the expression of NUDT5 or MTH1 in the cells, it is reduced to 1.4- or 1.2-fold, respectively. NUDT5 and MTH1 hydrolyze 8-oxoGDP to 8-oxoGMP with V(max)/K(m) values of 1.3 x 10(-3) and 1.7 x 10(-3), respectively, values which are considerably higher than those for its normal counterpart, GDP (0.1-0.5 x 10(-3)). MTH1, but not NUDT5, possesses an additional activity to degrade 8-oxoGTP to the monophosphate. These results indicate that the elimination of 8-oxoGua-containing ribonucleotides from the precursor pool is important to ensure accurate protein synthesis and that both NUDT5 and MTH1 are involved in this process in human cells.

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