[Chromophoric dissolved organic matter absorption characteristics with relation to fluorescence in typical macrophyte, algae lake zones of Lake Taihu].
ABSTRACT Chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) represents one of the primary light-absorbing species in natural waters and plays a critical in determining the aquatic light field. CDOM shows a featureless absorption spectrum that increases exponentially with decreasing wavelength, which limits the penetration of biologically damaging UV-B radiation (wavelength from 280 to 320 nm) in the water column, thus shielding aquatic organisms. CDOM absorption measurements and their relationship with dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and fluorescence are presented in typical macrophyte and algae lake zone of Lake Taihu based on a field investigation in April in 2004 and lab analysis. Absorption spectral of CDOM was measured from 240 to 800 nm using a Shimadzu UV-2401PC UV-Vis recording spectrophotometer. Fluorescence with an excitation wavelength of 355 nm, an emission wavelength of 450 nm is measured using a Shimadzu 5301 spectrofluorometer. Concentrations of DOC ranged from 6.3 to 17.2 mg/L with an average of 9.08 +/- 2.66 mg/L. CDOM absorption coefficients at 280 nm and 355 nm were in the range of 11.2 - 32.6 m(-1) (average 17.46m(-1) +/- 5.75 m(-1) and 2.4 - 8.3 m(-1) (average 4.17m(-1) +/- 1.47 m(-l)), respectively. The values of the DOC-specific absorption coefficient at 355 nm ranged from 0.31 to 0.64 L x (mg x m)-1. Fluorescence emission at 450 nm, excited at 355 nm, had a mean value of 1.32nm(-1) +/- 0.84 nm(-1). A significant lake zone difference is found in DOC concentration, CDOM absorption coefficient and fluorescence, but not in DOC-specific absorption coefficient and spectral slope coefficient. This regional distribution pattern is in agreement with the location of sources of yellow substance: highest concentrations close to river mouth under the influence of river inflow, lower values in East Lake Taihu. The values of algae lake zone are obvious larger than those of macrophyte lake zone. In Meiliang Bay, CDOM absorption, DOC concentration and fluorescence tend to decreasing from inside to mouth of the Bay. The results show a good correlation between CDOM absorption and DOC coefficients during 280 - 500 nm short wavelength intervals. The R-square coefficient between CDOM absorption and DOC concentration decreases with the increase of wavelength from 280 to 500 nm. The significant linear regression correlations between fluorescence, DOC concentration and absorption coefficients were found at 355 nm. The exponential slope coefficients ranged from 13.0 to 16.4 microm(-1) with a mean value 14.37microm(-1) +/- 0.73microm(-1), 17.3microm(-1) - 20.3microm(-1) with a mean value 19.17microm(-1) +/- 0.84microm(-1) and 12.0microm(-1) - 15.8microm(-1) with a mean value 13.38microm(-1) +/- 0.82microm(-1) over the 280 - 500 nm, 280 - 360 nm and 360 - 440 nm intervals.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Yunlin Zhang, Sep 22, 2014
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ABSTRACT: Because of increasing marine intrusion into the Pearl River Estuary (PRE) in China, salinity has become one of the important and necessary hydrological and water quality monitoring parameters. In this research, we examined the relationships between the reflectance from Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) Advanced Land Imager (ALI) satellite imagery and total suspended solids (TSS) based on the synchronous in situ spectra analysis of the river water, in an attempt to detect salinity using remote sensing technique. The study site was the Modaomen Waterway in the PRE, Guangdong Province, China. We found a strong negative linear relationship between in situ reflectance at 549 nm and TSS concentrations (R 2 = 0.91, p < 0.001) when the salinity of the river was less than 1.46‰. It indicates that the TSS near Pinggang and Nanzhen in Modaomen Waterway of PRE tends to be dominated by organic mater carried by the particles and this is one major reason for the inverse relation between reflectance and TSS. Meanwhile, a strong correlation was observed between salinity and TSS (R 2 = 0.70, p < 0.001). The salinity-TSS model accounted for 70% of variation in salinity and allowed the estimation of salinity with a root mean square error (RMSE) of less than 0.036‰ when the TSS concentrations were between 7.4 and 28 mg l−1. Therefore, we were able to develop a new method of detecting surface salinity of the river estuary from the calibrated EO-1 ALI reflectance data. The EO-1 ALI derived surface salinity and TSS concentrations were validated using in situ data that were collected on 18 December 2005, synchronous with EO-1 ALI satellite imagery acquisition. The results showed that the semi-empirical relationships are capable of deducing the TSS concentrations and then salinity from EO-1 ALI imagery in the PRE under low salinity. The methodology of detecting salinity from ALI imagery provides potential to monitor coastal saltwater intrusion and provides the water supply and conservancy authorities with useful spatial information to spatially understand and manage the marine intrusion.International Journal of Remote Sensing 09/2010; 31(15-15):4125-4146. DOI:10.1080/01431160903229218 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Water spectral absorption characteristics of eutrophic lakes are largely different from those of ocean and coastal waters. We therefore studied them with the aim of establishing an analytical model for inland water colour, to be used in remote sensing. Field measurements were carried out on 16 and 17 August 2006 (summer), 5 and 6 November 2006 (winter), and 29 and 30 March 2007 (spring) at 15 stations in northern Lake Taihu (China). Chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption coefficients (aCDOM) are higher in summer than in spring and winter, with the ratios of aCDOM in spring, summer and winter being approximately 1 : 4.0 : 1.2 at both UV‐C and UV‐B. The spectral slope SCDOM values change with wavelength and season, and covary with CDOM concentration, as shown by regression analysis. For the CDOM absorption spectrum in the wavelength region 500–700 nm (important for water colour remote sensing), a linear method simulates better than an exponential method. Seasonal variations in non‐algal particulate (NAP) absorption (aNAP) at blue, green and red wavelengths show better consistency, in the order winter>spring>summer. The average SNAP is 0.0065±0.0009 nm, which is lower than that in other types of waters. Phytoplankton absorption (aph) peak height changes with the season, with the pattern summer>winter>spring, and phytoplankton absorption spectra can be expressed with high accuracy by a quadratic model. CDOM absorption contributions in the three seasons are low compared to phytoplankton and NAP.International Journal of Remote Sensing 07/2009; 30(13):3549-3571. DOI:10.1080/01431160802581958 · 1.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Coloured dissolved organic matter (CDOM) is an important water component that affects water colour and ecological environment under water. The remote estimation of CDOM is always a challenge in the field of water-colour remote sensing owing to its weak signal. To further study the CDOM-retrieval approach, field experiments, including water-quality analysis and spectral measurements, were carried out in Lake Taihu waters from 8 to 21 November 2007. On the foundation of analysing water-inherent optical properties, sensitive spectral factors were selected, and then neural-network models were established for retrieving CDOM. The results show that the model with 10 nodes in the hidden layer performs best, yielding a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.887 and a root-mean-square error of 0.156 m−1. Meanwhile, the predictive errors of the model developed here and the previously proposed algorithms were compared with each other. The mean value of the relative error of the former is 12.8% (standard deviation of 29.9%), and is much lower than its counterpart of other models, which indicates that the developed model has a higher accuracy for CDOM retrieval in Lake Taihu waters. Meanwhile, other datasets collected at different times were also imported into the model for applicability analysis; the derived errors suggest a relatively good performance of the model. This research firstly explores the CDOM retrieval in optically complex lake waters, and the corresponding findings support a technical framework for accurately extracting CDOM information in Lake Taihu waters, based on an adequate understanding of water optical properties.International Journal of Remote Sensing 07/2011; 32(14):4005-4022. DOI:10.1080/01431161.2010.481297 · 1.36 Impact Factor