The continuing scourge of congenital syphilis in 21st century: a case report.
ABSTRACT Although the rate of congenital syphilis is declining in developed countries, a significant increase has been observed in the underdeveloped countries. Unfortunately, little concern is raised about the increasing numbers of babies born with congenital syphilis. The procedure to prevent congenital syphilis through antenatal screening and treatment is well established. But implementation of effective programs has proved very difficult especially in resource--poor settings. Congenital syphilis, if not treated promptly and adequately, may result in significant physical and emotional squeal in children. A case of complicated late congenital syphilis is reported in order to emphasize that syphilis is still present nowadays, and re-emerging many countries even some of the industrialized ones. Most of the cases can not be prevented by routine antenatal screening. Thus it is essential to develop strategies to prevent sexually transmitted disease from being a hidden and neglected problem.
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ABSTRACT: From 1982 to 1985 the 19S IgM-Fluorescent Treponemal Antibody Absorption (19S-IgM-FTA-ABS) test gave a positive result in 19 children. These 19 children plus one dizygotic twin sister were evaluated. Seventeen children were diagnosed as having congenital syphilis and treated. Clinical evidence was seen in 10 children, CSF abnormalities in seven, radiological abnormalities in eight. Of the 17 children treated, only one did not meet the Center for Disease Control (CDC) criteria of a compatible case of congenital syphilis. Of the children not diagnosed as having congenital syphilis, one child was considered to be a compatible case of congenital syphilis according to the CDC-criteria. The CDC-criteria may be a valuable aid in diagnosing congenital syphilis. Guidelines for adequate therapy are given.Genitourinary medicine 11/1989; 65(5):300-3.
- Journal of Pediatrics 01/1991; 117(6):843-52. · 4.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Much attention is being given to the prevention of HIV infection in babies through transmission from the mother. By contrast, regrettably little concern is raised about the increasing numbers of babies born with congenital syphilis. In affluent countries congenital syphilis is very rare, but in many poor countries, including the newly independent countries of eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, the numbers are high and increasing. In much of sub-Saharan Africa, around 10% of pregnant women are affected by syphilis. The prevention of congenital syphilis is more cost-effective than the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The control of congenital syphilis could indirectly have a beneficial effect on the HIV epidemic by reducing susceptibility to infection. Although the procedure to prevent congenital syphilis through antenatal screening and treatment is well established, implementation of effective programmes in resource-poor settings has proved very difficult. A new and focused approach to tackling congenital syphilis is needed. It should combine different mixes of interventions, such as mass treatment, focused screening, and universal screening, according to the local epidemiology and available resources. A task-force approach to defining the most appropriate interventions together with support for some research should be a priority for support under the Global Health Fund.The Lancet Infectious Diseases 08/2002; 2(7):432-6. · 19.97 Impact Factor