The aim of this analysis was to determine the effects of solifenacin in patients considered overactive bladder (OAB) dry at baseline.
This was a pooled analysis of 4 randomized, placebo-controlled 12-week, phase 3 studies. Patients received placebo or solifenacin 10 mg once daily (2 studies), or placebo or solifenacin 5 mg or 10 mg once daily (2 studies). A subgroup of patients without incontinence at baseline was identified from a 3-day diary. Mean changes from baseline to endpoint for urgency episodes, micturition, frequency and nocturia episodes per 24 hours, and volume voided/micturition were evaluated. The proportion of patients with normalization of micturition frequency (<8 micturitions), resolution of urgency, or resolution of nocturia at endpoint was also determined.
Of 2848 evaluable patients treated with placebo or solifenacin, 975 (34%) were OAB dry at baseline. Solifenacin 5 mg and 10 mg were significantly (p < 0.001) more effective than placebo for improving urgency, micturition frequency, and volume voided. In addition, solifenacin 10mg was significantly (p < 0.01) more effective than placebo for improving nocturia. Resolution of urgency occurred significantly (p < 0.05) more often with solifenacin 5 mg (37%) and 10 mg (33%) than with placebo (25%). Significantly (p < 0.01) more OAB dry patients had normalization of micturition frequency with solifenacin 5 mg (29%) and 10 mg (35%) compared with placebo (19%). Resolution of nocturia occurred in 14%, 21%, and 13% of patients treated with solifenacin 5mg, solifenacin 10 mg, and placebo, respectively (p < 0.01 for solifenacin 10 mg versus placebo).
Solifenacin significantly improved urgency, frequency, and nocturia symptoms and increased volume voided in OAB dry patients.
"Data from numerous flexible-dose studies of solifenacin demonstrated significantly improved urgency, frequency, and nocturia symptoms and increased volume voided in OAB dry patients [6,7,8,9]. However, these clinical trials were conducted with OAB patients for 14 weeks and offered only one opportunity for dose escalation. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the baseline clinical characteristics associated with dose escalation of solifenacin in patients with overactive bladder (OAB).
We analyzed the data of patients with OAB (micturition frequency ≥8/day and urgency ≥1/day) who were treated with solifenacin and followed up for 24 weeks. According to our department protocol, all the patients kept voiding diaries, and OAB symptom scores (OABSS) were monitored at baseline and after 4, 12, and 24 weeks of solifenacin treatment.
In total, 68 patients (mean age, 60.8±10.0 years) were recruited. The dose escalation rate by the end of the study was 41.2%, from 23.5% at 4 weeks and 17.6% at 12 weeks. At baseline, the dose escalator group had significantly more OAB wet patients (53.6% vs. 20.0%) and higher total OABSS (10.2±2.4 vs. 7.9±3.5, P=0.032) than the nonescalator group. OAB wet (odds ratio [OR], 4.615; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.578-13.499; P<0.05) and total OABSS (OR, 1.398; 95% CI, 1.046-1.869; P<0.05) were found to be independently associated with dose escalation.
Patients who have urgency urinary incontinence and high total OABSS have a tendency for dose escalation of solifenacin.
International neurourology journal 03/2014; 18(1):23-30. DOI:10.5213/inj.2014.18.1.23 · 1.06 Impact Factor
Available from: Anastasios Athanasopoulos or Athanassopoulos
"A pooled analysis of four randomized, placebo-control1ed, phase III studies of solifenacin in OAB patients without incontinence, showed a significant improvement of symptoms and voided volume after 12 weeks of treatment . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Overactive bladder is a common and bothersome condition. Antimuscarinic agents, as a class, are the cornerstone of medical treatment of overactive bladder. They offer significant improvements in symptoms and patients' quality of life. Antimuscarinics are generally well tolerated with mild and predictable side effects. Available antimuscarinics have small, yet statistically significant, differences in their efficacy and tolerability profiles. In clinical practice, finding the agent that offers the optimum balance of efficacy and side effects for an individual patient remains the major challenge.
Advances in Urology 06/2011; 2011(1687-6369):820816. DOI:10.1155/2011/820816
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fesoterodine, a new once daily antimuscarinic, has proven to be an effective, safe, and well-tolerated treatment in patients with overactive bladder (OAB). To date, no analysis has evaluated the economic costs and benefits associated with fesoterodine, compared to antimuscarinics in Spain. The purpose of this analysis was to assess the economic value of OAB treatment with fesoterodine relative to extended release tolterodine and solifenacin, from the societal perspective.
The economic model was based on data from two 12-week, randomized, double-blind, and multicenter trials comparing fesoterodine and tolterodine extended released (ER). Treatment response rates for solifenacin were extracted from the published literature. Discontinuation and efficacy were based on the results of a 12-week multinational randomized clinical trial extrapolated to 52 weeks. Changes in health related quality of life were assessed with the King's Health Questionnaire, which was transformed into preference-based utility values. Medical costs included (expressed in € 2010) were antimuscarinics, physician visits, laboratory tests, incontinence pads and the costs of OAB-related comorbidities, fractures, skin infections, urinary tract infections, depression, and nursing home admissions associated with incontinence. Time lost from work was also considered. Univariate sensitivity analyses were also performed.
At week 12, continents accounted for 50.6%, 40.6% and 47.2% of patients in the fesoterodine, tolterodine, and solifenacin groups, respectively. By week 52, the projected proportions of patients remaining on therapy were 33.1%, 26.5% and 30.8%, respectively. The projected quality- adjusted life years (QALY) gain (compared to baseline) over the 52-week simulation period were 0.01014, 0.00846 and 0.00957, respectively. The overall treatment cost was estimated at €1,937, €2,089 and €1,960 for fesoterodine, tolterodine and solifenacin, respectively. Therefore, treatment with fesoterodine resulted in similar overall costs and greater QALY gain than treatment with either tolterodine or solifenacin. Sensitivity analysis showed that these results were robust to all changes performed.
The results of this economic analysis suggest that fesoterodine is a cost-effective alternative to tolterodine and solifenacin for the treatment of patients with OAB in Spain. Fesoterodine provides additional health benefits while maintain a similar level of costs being a cost-effective treatment strategy from a societal perspective.
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