[Autosomal dominant compelling helio-ophthalmic outburst syndrome (photic sneeze reflex). Clinical study of six Spanish families].
ABSTRACT Sneeze is an ubiquitous phenomenon that happens to everyone. In spite of this, little attention has been paid to it, among medical literature in general, and even less in neurologic texts. A curious entity, called autosomal dominant compelling helio-ophthalmic outburst syndrome, has been scarcely described in the scientific literature. This reflex appears when subjects are exposed suddenly to intense sunlight and it consists of long incoercible sneeze bursts. There are no publications on this subject among the spanish literature.and intensity increase with time.
To study the clinical and physiological features of the reflex in Spanish families.
Affected subjects were identified by personal interview and given a questionnaire drawn up for this study. Besides, they were instructed to give the questionnaire to their relatives.and intensity increase with time.
All the six families showed a high-penetrance, autosomal dominant inheritance. The reflex had a high consistency, a latency about 3 seconds, an intersneeze interval of 2 seconds and a frequency of 2-3 sneezes/ burst. Refractory period was long.and intensity increase with time.
Our study suggest a higher consistency, shorter latency and lower age of onset of the reflex in our patients than general population, and that frequency and intensity increase with time.
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ABSTRACT: To assess and compare the frequency of reflex sneezing occurring during periocular anesthetic injections with and without intravenous sedation. Retrospective, comparative case series. Seven hundred and twenty-two patients undergoing oculoplastic surgical procedures were included in this study. Those who received a periocular anesthetic injection under intravenous sedation served as the test group of 381 subjects. Those who received a periocular anesthetic injection without intravenous sedation served as the control group of 341 subjects. The absence or presence of reflex sneezing in both groups was recorded and compared using Chi-square analysis. Of the 381 patients who received periocular anesthetic injections under intravenous sedation, 19 (5%) exhibited a vigorous sneeze. Conversely, none of the 341 patients who received periocular anesthetic injections without intravenous sedation sneezed (P < or = .001). Surgeons, anesthesia staff, and other operating room personnel should be aware of this unusual and potentially dangerous sneeze phenomenon when periocular anesthetic injections are delivered under intravenous sedation to reduce potential ocular complications.American Journal of Ophthalmology 07/2008; 146(1):31-5. DOI:10.1016/j.ajo.2008.02.013 · 3.87 Impact Factor