Characteristics of candidaemia with Candida-albicans compared with non-albicans Candida species and predictors of mortality.

Internal Medicine C and Infectious Diseases, Rabin Medical Centre, Beilinson Campus, Petach Tikva, Israel.
Journal of Hospital Infection (Impact Factor: 2.86). 11/2005; 61(2):146-54. DOI:10.1016/j.jhin.2005.02.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Candidaemia due to non-albicans Candida species is increasing in frequency. We describe 272 episodes of candidaemia, define parameters associated with Candida albicans and other Candida species, and analyse predictors associated with mortality. Patients with C. albicans (55%) had the highest fatality rate and frequently received immunosuppressive therapy, while patients with Candida parapsilosis (16%) had the lowest fatality and complication rates. Candida tropicalis (16%) was associated with youth, severe neutropenia, acute leukaemia or bone marrow transplantation, Candida glabrata (10%) was associated with old age and chronic disease, and Candida krusei (2%) was associated with prior fluconazole therapy. The overall fatality rate was 36%, and predictors of death by multi-variate analysis were shock, impaired performance status, low serum albumin and congestive heart failure. Isolation of non-albicans Candida species, prior surgery and catheter removal were protective factors. When shock was excluded from analysis, antifungal therapy was shown to be protective. Unlike previous concerns, infection with Candida species other than C. albicans has not been shown to result in an increased fatality rate.

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