Cell sheet engineering: recreating tissues without biodegradable scaffolds.
ABSTRACT While tissue engineering has long been thought to possess enormous potential, conventional applications using biodegradable scaffolds have limited the field's progress, demonstrating a need for new methods. We have previously developed cell sheet engineering using temperature-responsive culture dishes in order to avoid traditional tissue engineering approaches, and their related shortcomings. Using temperature-responsive dishes, cultured cells can be harvested as intact sheets by simple temperature changes, thereby avoiding the use of proteolytic enzymes. Cell sheet engineering therefore allows for tissue regeneration by either direct transplantation of cell sheets to host tissues or the creation of three-dimensional structures via the layering of individual cell sheets. By avoiding the use of any additional materials such as carrier substrates or scaffolds, the complications associated with traditional tissue engineering approaches such as host inflammatory responses to implanted polymer materials, can be avoided. Cell sheet engineering thus presents several significant advantages and can overcome many of the problems that have previously restricted tissue engineering with biodegradable scaffolds.
Article: Perivascular-like cells contribute to the stability of the vascular network of osteogenic tissue formed from cell sheet-based constructs.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In recent years several studies have been supporting the existence of a close relationship in terms of function and progeny between Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) and Pericytes. This concept has opened new perspectives for the application of MSCs in Tissue Engineering (TE), with special interest for the pre-vascularization of cell dense constructs. In this work, cell sheet technology was used to create a scaffold-free construct composed of osteogenic, endothelial and perivascular-like (CD146(+)) cells for improved in vivo vessel formation, maturation and stability. The CD146 pericyte-associated phenotype was induced from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) by the supplementation of standard culture medium with TGF-β1. Co-cultured cell sheets were obtained by culturing perivascular-like (CD146(+)) cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) on an hBMSCs monolayer maintained in osteogenic medium for 7 days. The perivascular-like (CD146(+)) cells and the HUVECs migrated and organized over the collagen-rich osteogenic cell sheet, suggesting the existence of cross-talk involving the co-cultured cell types. Furthermore the presence of that particular ECM produced by the osteoblastic cells was shown to be the key regulator for the singular observed organization. The osteogenic and angiogenic character of the proposed constructs was assessed in vivo. Immunohistochemistry analysis of the explants revealed the integration of HUVECs with the host vasculature as well as the osteogenic potential of the created construct, by the expression of osteocalcin. Additionally, the analysis of the diameter of human CD146 positive blood vessels showed a higher mean vessel diameter for the co-cultured cell sheet condition, reinforcing the advantage of the proposed model regarding blood vessels maturation and stability and for the in vitro pre-vascularization of TE constructs.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(7):e41051. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: Tooth root regeneration using dental follicle cell sheets in combination with a dentin matrix - based scaffold.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Stem cell mediated tissue engineering has been acknowledged as a prospective strategy for repairing and replacing damaged and lost tissues. However, the low survival rate of implanted stem cells proves to be a major challenge in the management of transplantation failures. While previous studies have indicated the effectiveness of tissue engineered cell sheets in improving the survival rate of implanted cells, we have recently demonstrated the use of treated dentin matrix (TDM) as a biological scaffold and dental follicle cells (DFCs) as the seeding cells for dentinogenesis and tooth root construction. This study proposes a strategy utilizing TDM with human dental follicle cell sheets (DFCSs) for root regeneration. The biological characteristics and changes of human DFCSs under the effect of TDM were studied with scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, immunofluorescence microscopy, immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time PCR. DFCSs combined with TDM were implanted subcutaneously into the dorsum of mice. Histological examination of the harvested grafts revealed a whirlpool-like alignment of the DFCs in multiple layers that were positive for COLI, integrinβ1, fibronectin and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), suggestive of the formation of a rich extracellular matrix. DFCSs, under the effect of TDM, highly expressed DMP-1 and bone sialoprotein (BSP), indicating their potential for odontogenesis and osteogenesis. Importantly, in vivo, TDM could induce and support DFCSs to develop new dentin-pulp like tissues and cementum-periodontal complexes that were positive for markers such as DSP, nestin and VIII factors, COLI and cementum attachment protein (CAP), implying successful root regeneration. Therefore, DFCSs combined with TDM may prove to be a better strategy for the construction of tooth root, and is a prospective approach that could be utilized for the treatment of root or tooth defect or loss in future.Biomaterials 12/2011; 33(8):2449-61. · 7.40 Impact Factor
Dataset: Synthesis and characterization of a novel thermoresponsive copolymer series and their application in cell and cell sheet regeneration[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: 2012): Synthesis and characterization of a novel thermoresponsive copolymer series and their application in cell and cell sheet regeneration, Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition,