The goal of this article is to provide couple therapists and relationship educators with information to enhance the cultural relevance of their work with Asian populations. Because of the rapid social, economic, cultural, and gender role changes, the various Asian interpretations of the institution of marriage are undergoing major transformation. This article describes the general trends in marriage in several Asian nations, with a focus on the swiftly rising divorce rates and changing cultural attitudes to marriage, and discusses current relationship education initiatives in these nations. Finally, based on my experiences working with Asian populations, I present a few humble insights regarding adaptation of marriage education to render it more culturally appropriate for Asians.
"Although the divorce rate among Asian Americans (4.9% overall, 4.3% Chinese, 5.6% Pilipino, 5.3% Vietnamese; U.S. Census Bureau, 2005) is lower than the rates of the total U.S. population (10.5%) and other ethnic groups (e.g., African Americans, 11.5%; Hispanics, 7.8%), the rate has more than doubled in the last 3 decades (National Healthy Marriage Resource Center, 2008). With the rapid escalation of divorce rates in Asian countries in recent years (Huang, 2005), the divorce rate among recent Asian immigrants is expected to continue rising. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As the first phrase of a research program aimed at adapting and delivering the New Beginnings Parent Program for divorced Asian American families, a pilot study was conducted to evaluate the cultural fit of the New Beginnings Parent Program (NBP) with the target group. NBP is a manualized, parent-focused, psychoeducational program that has demonstrated robust evidence of preventing and reducing mental health and substance use problems among children from divorced, predominantly European American families. Literature reviews of basic research on parental divorce in Asian American families and parenting in Asian cultures suggested that NBP has the potential of benefiting divorced Asian American families. However, research on differences in needs and values of European Americans and Asian Americans suggested that some tailoring of the program might be important for the program to be good fit for Asian American families. To evaluate the NBP's fit with the values and needs of divorced Asian American families and its potential for engaging this population, as well as to identify aspects of NBP requiring a cultural adaptation, the authors conducted a pilot study with 10 recently divorced or separated Asian American mothers. The mothers received the 10-week NBP intervention as it was originally designed. Quantitative and qualitative data suggested that the overall themes and core components of the NBP were acceptable to divorced Asian American parents, and the program successfully engaged this group. The pilot study also identified several areas in which NBP can be modified to better engage Asian American parents and address the culturally salient needs of this population.
Asian American Journal of Psychology 07/2014; 5(2):126-133. DOI:10.1037/a0035519
"One exception was regarding communication, which was more frequently reported a problem by Taiwanese women, in comparison with U.S. women (Henry and Miller 2004). This difference could be due to Taiwanese women's current experience in historical time at the crossroads of the rising influence of independent cultural values and historically traditional influences (Huang 2005; Thornton and Lin 1994; Xu and Lai 2004). These conflicting values may impact couple communication styles and communication roles toward more egalitarianism, which may create relationship problems. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With the expansion of the practice of marriage and family therapy outside of the U.S. and Western Europe, it important to gain a better understanding of family interaction and processes in other cultures and countries. Several studies have examined the problems that couples experience in the United States, but little is understood about problems that couples in Asia experience. In this study, perceptions of relationship problems experienced by 213 married couples living in urban Taiwan were examined. Results indicated that raising children and communication were the two problems most frequently reported by both husbands and wives. Among eight relationship problem areas, the only gender difference was in the area of communication, with wives significantly more likely to report it as a problem. An examination of within-dyad agreement indicated that couples generally had high consensus regarding relationship problems. Implications of this research for culturally-sensitive MFT practice are discussed.
Contemporary Family Therapy 03/2013; 35(1). DOI:10.1007/s10591-012-9233-3
"Moreover, social capitals are the factors that can be effective on women's mental health, and they can lead women to higher self-esteem and liberal attitudes. Huang (2005) shows that, women's employment not only brings economic independence, feeling of efficiency, self-esteem, supportive atmosphere and social relations, but also it can reduce the influence of many types of stress and women's family life problems. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present research studies the relation between social capital and mental health among a female group in Tehran. Accordingly, 200 females, who were referred to cultural centres of Tehran's municipality, were chosen to participate in this research voluntary. The questionnaires that are used in this study are as follows: family supports, social capitals and mental health. This research is descriptive and correlation is used in it. Results show that, those women who have more access to educational, career and family support in economic, intellectual and emotional fields have a higher mental health. Also, results of regression show that, family supports and social capitals play an important role in estimation of women's level of mental health.
Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 12/2011; 30:2449-2451. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.477
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