[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High-fat meals promote transient increases in proatherogenic factors, implicating the postprandial state in cardiovascular disease (CVD) progression. Although low-grade inflammation is associated with CVD, little research has assessed postprandial inflammation. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, premeal exercise may counteract postprandial inflammation. The purpose of this study was to determine postprandial alterations in monocytes and circulating markers of endothelial stress and inflammation following a high-fat meal in young adults with or without premeal cycle exercise. Each subject completed two trials and was randomized to rest or cycle at a moderate intensity prior to eating a high-fat meal. Flow cytometry was used to assess monocyte cell surface receptor expression and concentration of endothelial microparticles (EMP). Plasma cytokines were assessed using Luminex MagPix. Statistical analysis was completed using separate linear mixed models analyses with first-order autoregressive (AR(1)) heterogeneous covariance structure. Significance was set at P ≤ 0.05. Percentage increases in classic monocyte CD11a and CD18 were greater overall in the postprandial period in the meal-only condition compared with the meal + exercise condition (P < 0.05). EMP concentration was 47% greater 3 h after the meal compared with premeal values in the meal-only condition (P < 0.05); no significant increase was observed in the meal + exercise condition. Premeal cycling blunted postprandial increases in EMP and CD11a and CD18. Acute, moderate-intensity exercise may help counteract possibly deleterious postprandial monocyte and endothelial cell activation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cell microparticles (MPs) released in the extracellular milieu can embark plasma membrane and intracellular components which are specific of their cellular origin, and transfer them to target cells. The MP-mediated, cell-to-cell transfer of three human membrane glycoproteins of different degrees of complexity was investigated in the present study, using a CHO cell model system. We first tested the delivery of CAR and CD46, two monospanins which act as adenovirus receptors, to target CHO cells. CHO cells lack CAR and CD46, high affinity receptors for human adenovirus serotype 5 (HAdV5), and serotype 35 (HAdV35), respectively. We found that MPs derived from CHO cells (MP-donor cells) constitutively expressing CAR (MP-CAR) or CD46 (MP-CD46) were able to transfer CAR and CD46 to target CHO cells, and conferred selective permissiveness to HAdV5 and HAdV35. In addition, target CHO cells incubated with MP-CD46 acquired the CD46-associated function in complement regulation. We also explored the MP-mediated delivery of a dodecaspanin membrane glycoprotein, the CFTR to target CHO cells. CFTR functions as a chloride channel in human cells and is implicated in the genetic disease cystic fibrosis. Target CHO cells incubated with MPs produced by CHO cells constitutively expressing GFP-tagged CFTR (MP-GFP-CFTR) were found to gain a new cellular function, the chloride channel activity associated to CFTR. Time-course analysis of the appearance of GFP-CFTR in target cells suggested that MPs could achieve the delivery of CFTR to target cells via two mechanisms: the transfer of mature, membrane-inserted CFTR glycoprotein, and the transfer of CFTR-encoding mRNA. These results confirmed that cell-derived MPs represent a new class of promising therapeutic vehicles for the delivery of bioactive macromolecules, proteins or mRNAs, the latter exerting the desired therapeutic effect in target cells via de novo synthesis of their encoded proteins.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(12):e52326. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Activation of intracellular signaling and blebbing of the plasma membrane lead to rafting and clustering of membrane receptors. Lymphocyte with high receptor density at the cell pole interacts with endothelial cells, which leads to their hyperactivation. In this case, lymphocyte getting a response from the endothelial cell can release membrane particles, which interact with endothelial receptors and penetrate through gaps between endothelial cells forming aseptic inflammation and causing atherogenesis. Endotheliocytes also contribute to generation of active membrane microparticles. Hyperactivation of endothelial cells and constant stimulation by the lymphocytes and microparticles trigger programmed cell death resulting in exfoliation of the endothelial cell. The endothelial defect is replaced by endothelial cells of the vascular wall (in case of mild endothelial dysfunction) or by progenitor endothelial cells (in case of severe dysfunction).
Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine 06/2012; 153(2):201-5. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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