Effect of quercetin supplementation on lung antioxidants after experimental influenza virus infection.

Department of Respiratory Virology, VP Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi 110-007, India.
Experimental Lung Research (Impact Factor: 1.47). 07/2005; 31(5):449-59. DOI: 10.1080/019021490927088
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In the mice, instillation of influenza virus A/Udorn/317/72(H3N2) intranasally resulted in a significant decrease in the pulmonary concentrations of catalase, reduced glutathione, and superoxide dismutase. There was a decrease in vitamin E level also. These effects were observed on the 5th day after viral instillation. Oral supplementation with quercetin simultaneous with viral instillation produced significant increases in the pulmonary concentrations of catalase, reduced glutathione, and superoxide dismutase. However, quercetin did not reverse the fall in vitamin E level associated with the viral infection. It is concluded that during influenza virus infection, there is "oxidative stress." Because quercetin restored the concentrations of many antioxidants, it is proposed that it may be useful as a drug in protecting the lung from the deleterious effects of oxygen derived free radicals released during influenza virus infection.

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    ABSTRACT: ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ching-fang-pai-tu-san (CFPTS) is a Chinese herbal decoction that is used as a cure for the common cold, fever, headache, and poor circulation. However, no previous studies have investigated the mode of action of CFPTS against influenza virus infections. To investigate the antiviral mechanism of CFPTS, we examined viral entry, transcription, translation, viral glycoprotein hemagglutinin (HA) transport, and budding of the influenza virus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antiviral activity of nontoxic concentrations of CFPTS against influenza virus A/WSN/33 was examined by assaying (neutralization assay) its inhibition of the virus-induced cytopathic effects. The mode of CFPTS action was first examined with a time-of-addition assay of synchronized infections, followed by monitoring HA transport by immunofluorescence microscopy. Viral endocytosis was evaluated with attachment and penetration assays. The inhibition of viral replication was measured by quantitative real-time PCR, immunoblotting, and immunofluorescence microscopy. We also performed assays related to the inhibition of viral entry, such as neuraminidase activity and hemagglutinin activity assays. RESULTS: Based on the inhibition of the virus-induced cytopathic effect in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, the EC(50) of CFPTS was about 1.44±0.22mg/mL against influenza virus A/WSN/33. CFPTS displayed a broad spectrum of inhibitory activities against different strains of influenza A virus, as well as some enteroviruses. However, this extract proved less effective against clinical oseltamivir-resistant strains and influenza B viruses. CFPTS did not suppress viral RNA or protein synthesis. According to a time-of-addition assay, the antiviral mechanism of CFPTS may involve viral budding or intracellular viral glycoprotein transport. A plaque reduction assay showed that CFPTS reduced both the plaque size and plaque quantity. The intracellular transport of viral glycoprotein hemagglutinin was blocked by CFPTS by immunofluorescence microscopic analysis. Thus, it is possible that the antiviral mechanism of CFPTS might inhibit the assembly of progeny virions and/or their subsequent release. CONCLUSIONS: Our results give scientific support to the use of CFPTS in the treatment of influenza virus infections. CFPTS has potential utility in the management of seasonal pandemics of influenza virus infections, like other clinically available drugs.
    Journal of ethnopharmacology 10/2012; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most important causes of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children, for which no effective treatment is currently available. Although the mechanisms of RSV-induced airway disease remain incompletely defined, the lung inflammatory response is thought to play a central pathogenetic role. In the past few years, we and others have provided increasing evidence of a role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as important regulators of RSV-induced cellular signaling leading to the expression of key proinflammatory mediators, such as cytokines and chemokines. In addition, RSV-induced oxidative stress, which results from an imbalance between ROS production and airway antioxidant defenses, due to a widespread inhibition of antioxidant enzyme expression, is likely to play a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of RSV-associated lung inflammatory disease, as demonstrated by a significant increase in markers of oxidative injury, which correlate with the severity of clinical illness, in children with RSV infection. Modulation of ROS production and oxidative stress therefore represents a potential novel pharmacological approach to ameliorate RSV-induced lung inflammation and its long-term consequences. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 00, 000-000.
    Antioxidants & Redox Signaling 07/2012; · 8.20 Impact Factor


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