Organochlorine pesticide residues in European sardine, horse mackerel and Atlantic mackerel from Portugal.
ABSTRACT This paper reports the results for the surveillance of nine organochlorine pesticides (HCH isomers (alpha, beta, e, gamma), p,p'-DDD, p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDD, HCB and aldrin) in muscle of three fish species, European pilchard (Sardina pilchardus), Atlantic horse mackerel (Trachurus trachurus) and Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus). Analytical methodology included n-hexane extraction, clean-up with 2% deactivated Florisil, and quantification with gas chromatography-electron capture detection (GC-ECD). The highest mean concentrations were found for p,p'-DDT in sardine and mackerel at levels of 30.1 and 109.9 microg kg(-1), respectively, and for p,p'-DDD in horse mackerel at 51.9 microg kg(-1). Three species had higher levels for S-DDT than S-HCH. The estimated daily intake of organochlorine pesticides in the three species showed that in sardine, the highest EDIs were found for aldrin, at 1.8 ng kg(-1) bw day(-1), which represents 1.8% of the acceptable daily intake (ADI), and for ss-HCH, at 4.0 ng kg(-1) bw day(-1), representing 0.4% of ADI. Lowest values were found for Atlantic mackerel. Statistical analysis to determine the differences in mean concentrations of pesticides between species, and any correlation between groups of residues related with each one of the species, was undertaken.
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ABSTRACT: In many countries pesticide residues in foods are monitored to ensure that public health is not endangered by residue daily intakes in excess of the recommended tolerance levels (van Dokkum and de Vos 1987). In Spain, there is only a total diet study carried out during 1971-72 by Carrasco et al. (1976). In that study, mean daily intakes of 11.5 mu g alpha-HCH, 13.8 mu g lindane and 78.4 mu g DDTs were calculated. Livestock meat and dairy products were the prime sources of human dietary exposure to organochlorines, since between 60-85% of the mean daily intakes arose from these particular food classes. These percentages are in accordance with the well documented fact that organochlorines predominantly accumulate in the lipid fractions of the human food chain, by which animal fatty foods have become a major route of exposure for humans (Kannan et al. 1992). Since the current daily intakes of organochlorines in Spain are not known, it was considered necessary to carry out a pesticide survey in several foods that compose an average Spanish diet. To accomplish that, we have determined residues of a list of priority organochlorine compounds in several fatty foodstuffs collected between 1987 to 1990, and prepared in the way in which they would normally be eaten. This study is merely an attempt to estimate the actual intakes, since only a selected number of food classes were investigated and no age-sex group, or seasonal differences were taken into account. In spite of these disadvantages, there are merits to such an approach. Approximate intake figures are available for comparison with toxicologically acceptable intakes and with retrospective studies in Spain and other countries around the world, and they serve to outline the temporal trends in organochlorine contamination that have occurred during the last decades. Also, it may contribute to diminish the consumer's concern about possible health risks involved in the consumption of food products and help to restore confidence in the quality of our food supply.Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 03/1996; 56(2):173-7. · 1.11 Impact Factor
- Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 07/2003; 70(6):1151-7. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The results from part of a monitoring programme of contaminant levels in fish and other seafood products initiated by the Directorate of Fisheries in Norway in 1994 are presented. Concentrations of 22 elements (four are presented here: As, Cd, Hg and Pb) and HCB, HCH, PCB 28, 52, 101, 105, 118, 138, 153, 156, 180, pp-DDD, p-DDE, p-DDT, sum DDT and (137)Cs were determined in 17 species of fish caught in three sampling locations: the Barents Sea, the Norwegian Sea and the North Sea. The fish species analysed in the survey were limited to species of commercial importance for Norway with catching volumes of at least 10,000 metric tons year(-1). The survey started in 1994 and is expected to continue beyond 2010. The analyses were carried out on 25 individual fish from each species and each sampling location, and the locations were representative of commercial fishing grounds for the species in question. The concentrations of contaminants found were considerably lower than the maximum levels permissible in fish set by CODEX and the European Union for contaminants in seafood products.Food Additives and Contaminants 05/2004; 21(4):365-76. · 2.13 Impact Factor