The safety of intra-abdominal surgery in patients with cirrhosis: model for end-stage liver disease score is superior to Child-Turcotte-Pugh classification in predicting outcome.
ABSTRACT We hypothesized that the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score may be a better and less subjective method than the Child-Turcotte-Pugh score for stratifying patients with cirrhosis before abdominal surgery.
Retrospective medical record review.
Tertiary care institution.
Fifty-three adult patients with histologically proven cirrhosis undergoing abdominal surgery at Saint Louis University Hospital, St Louis, Mo, between 1991 and 2001. Those undergoing hepatic surgery (such as resection or transplantation) or closed abdominal surgery (such as hernia repair) were excluded.
A poor outcome after surgery was defined as death or liver transplantation within 90 days of the operative procedure or a hospital stay of longer than 21 days. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory features predictive of poor outcome were assessed by multivariate analysis.
A total of 13 patients (25%) had poor outcomes including 9 deaths (17%). Model for end-stage liver disease score and plasma hemoglobin levels lower than 10 g/dL were found to be independent predictors of poor outcomes. A MELD score of 14 or greater was a better clinical predictor of poor outcome than Child-Turcotte-Pugh class C.
A MELD score of 14 or greater should be considered as a replacement for Child-Turcotte-Pugh class C as a predictor of being very high risk for abdominal surgery. Patients with cirrhosis with hemoglobin levels lower than 10 g/dL should receive corrective blood transfusions before abdominal surgery.
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ABSTRACT: As diagnostic techniques advance and surgical outcomes improve, the rate of utilization of liver hemihepatectomy for various indications will continue to increase. To explore the preoperative predictors of liver hemihepatectomy postoperative complications. This study included retrospective analysis of the clinical data of patients who underwent either liver hemihepatectomy or extended hemihepatectomy at Georg August University Hospital-Goettingen for the period 2002-2012. The outcomes were either postoperative complications or death of the patient (within 3 months from the end of the operation). Modified classification of surgical complications was adopted in the current study. The preoperative model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine, international normalized ratio, and bilirubin in addition to the demographic characteristics of the patients and intraoperative blood loss were analyzed as predictive for postliver hemihepatectomy complications. The study included 144 patients who underwent liver hemiheptectomy or extended hemihepatectomy through the study period (2002-2012). Postoperative complications were reported among patients out of 144 (52.1%). The most frequent complications were pleural effusion (26.7%), biliary leakage (21.3%), wound dehiscence (13.3%), ascites, and intra-abdominal abscess (6.7%). Death was reported among six patients of those who developed complications (8%). There were four cases of hepatic cirrhosis (one macroscopic and three microscopic). Two of the microscopic cases had no postoperative complications (grade 1), whereas one case had grade 3a and the macroscopic case had postoperative complication grade 1. Their MELD scores ranged between 6 and 10 preoperatively. The association between preoperative MELD score and development of posthemihepatetomy was statistically significant, P=0.002. Death was reported in six cases, yielding a mortality rate of 4.17%. MELD score preoperatively was the only significant predictor for postoperative complications. The rate of complications following hemihepatectomy remains high, with 52.1% of the patients in the current study having at least one complication as all of our patients underwent either hemihepatectomy or extended hemihepatectomy. A 4.17% mortality rate has been reported. A higher preoperative MELD score is the only significant predictor for the development of posthemihepatectomy complications.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0.European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 04/2014; · 1.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Patients with liver disease and portal hypertension are at increased risk of complications from surgery. Recent advances have allowed better optimization of patients with cirrhosis before surgery and a reduction in postoperative complications. Despite this progress, the estimation of surgical risk in a patient with cirrhosis is challenging. The MELD score has shown promise in predicting postoperative mortality compared with the Child-Turcotte-Pugh score. This article addresses current concepts in the perioperative evaluation of patients with liver disease and portal tension, including a preoperative liver assessment (POLA) checklist that may be useful towards mitigating perioperative complications.Clinics in liver disease 05/2014; 18(2):477-505.
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ABSTRACT: To identify the correlation of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scores with the assessment of the risk of hepatic function after hemihepatectomy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) related to hepatitis B virus (HBV). A case-control study was performed based on data for 141 consecutive patients who underwent curative right hepatic resection between January 2006 and June 2010. All patients were Child-Pugh class A. The mean age of the patients was 50 years (range, 29-73 years). The group included 114 men (80.9%) and 27 women (19.1%). The distribution of MELD scores (median, 7; range, 6-14) and indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes (ICG-R15) (median, 9.2%; range, 1.1%-19.5%) showed no significant correlation (P = 0.615). Only one perioperative death (0.7%) occurred within 30 days, which was the result of liver failure by hepatic artery dissection during the Pringle maneuver. Hepatic dysfunction occurred in 25 patients (17.7%) after liver resection. In multivariate analysis, male gender, increased HBV DNA level, and elevated serum aspartate transaminase level were significantly related with hepatic dysfunction. Tumor size and satellite nodule were closely associated with tumor recurrence in HBV-related HCC after right hemihepatectomy and satellite nodule was a predisposing factor for mortality in those patients. MELD score does not accurately predict hepatic function after right hemihepatectomy in patients with resectable HBV-related HCC. MELD scores were not correlated with the ICG-R15 values in patients with Child-Pugh class A.Annals of surgical treatment and research. 03/2014; 86(3):122-9.