The impact of parenting on risk cognitions and risk behavior: a study of mediation and moderation in a panel of African American adolescents.

Iowa State University, USA.
Child Development (Impact Factor: 4.72). 01/2005; 76(4):900-16. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2005.00885.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Hypotheses concerning the extent to which adolescents' cognitions mediate the relation between parenting behaviors and adolescent substance use were examined in a panel of African American adolescents (N = 714, M age at Time 1 = 10.51 years) and their primary caregivers. A nested-model approach indicated that effective parenting (i.e., monitoring of the child's activities, communication about substances, and parental warmth) was related to adolescent substance use more than 5 years later. The parenting behaviors protected the adolescent from subsequent alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use through associations with two cognitive elements from the prototype/willingness model: favorable risk images (prototypes) and behavioral willingness. Additional analyses indicated that these protective effects were strongest among families residing in high-risk neighborhoods.

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    ABSTRACT: A sample of 206 Mexican-heritage 7th-grade adolescents attending predominantly Mexican-heritage schools in Arizona was assessed on their linguistic acculturation, perceived parental monitoring, and substance use. One of their parents also reported on their own parental level of acculturation. While greater parental acculturation predicted greater marijuana use, the acculturation gap (child's level of acculturation over and above that of the parent) was not predictive of substance use. There was a significant acculturation gap by parental monitoring interaction for marijuana use, where the negative correlation between parental monitoring and marijuana use was attenuated for parent–youth dyads that exhibited the largest acculturation gap. This suggests that a greater parent–youth cultural distance (the acculturation gap) attenuates that protective effect of parental monitoring on youth marijuana use. Results are discussed in terms of how the acculturation gap increases the risk for problem behaviors in Mexican American adolescents through its effect on family processes.
    Journal of Community Psychology 07/2014; 42(5). · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A sample of 189 Mexican-heritage seventh grade adolescents reported their substance use, while one of the child's parents reported parent's acculturation and communication, involvement, and positive parenting with his or her child. Higher levels of parental acculturation predicted greater marijuana use, whereas parent communication predicted lower cigarette and marijuana use among girls. A significant parent acculturation by parent communication interaction for cigarette use was due to parent communication being highly negatively associated with marijuana use for high acculturated parents, with attenuated effects for low acculturated parents. A significant child gender by parent acculturation by parent positive parenting interaction was found. For girls, positive parenting had a stronger association with lower cigarette use for high acculturated parents. For boys, positive parenting had a stronger association with reduced cigarette use for low acculturated parents. Discussion focuses on how acculturation and gender impact family processes among Mexican-heritage adolescents.
    Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 07/2014; 13(3):288-311.
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    ABSTRACT: In order to understand alcohol and other drugs abusive consumption during adolescence, several researches have pointed out the family as an important risk or protection factor. This study aims to accomplish a systematic review of scientific papers regarding the association between parental styles and socialization practices and psychoactive substances consumption among adolescents. The articles were researched in three databases – Medline, Adolec and Pubmed –, using two terms in order to restrict the bibliographic search: parental styles and parental monitoring together with substance use. The final sample was constituted of 30 papers from different countries. We could verify a significant association between alcohol and other drugs abusive consumption in adolescence and parental styles and practices. Such findings demonstrate the importance of getting to know this relationship in the Brazilian context.
    Psicologia em Estudo 03/2009; 14(1):177-183.


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