The impact of parenting on risk cognitions and risk behavior: a study of mediation and moderation in a panel of African American adolescents.

Iowa State University, USA.
Child Development (Impact Factor: 4.72). 01/2005; 76(4):900-16. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2005.00885.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Hypotheses concerning the extent to which adolescents' cognitions mediate the relation between parenting behaviors and adolescent substance use were examined in a panel of African American adolescents (N = 714, M age at Time 1 = 10.51 years) and their primary caregivers. A nested-model approach indicated that effective parenting (i.e., monitoring of the child's activities, communication about substances, and parental warmth) was related to adolescent substance use more than 5 years later. The parenting behaviors protected the adolescent from subsequent alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use through associations with two cognitive elements from the prototype/willingness model: favorable risk images (prototypes) and behavioral willingness. Additional analyses indicated that these protective effects were strongest among families residing in high-risk neighborhoods.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study sought to extend empirical inquiry related to the role of parenting on adolescent sexual risk-taking by using latent class analysis (LCA) to identify patterns of adolescent-reported mother responsiveness and autonomy-granting in early adolescence and examine associations with sexual risk-taking in mid- and late-adolescence. Utilizing a sample of 12- to 14-year-old adolescents (N = 4,743) from the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY97), results identified a four-class model of maternal responsiveness and autonomy-granting: low responsiveness/high autonomy-granting, moderate responsiveness/moderate autonomy-granting, high responsiveness/low autonomy-granting, high responsiveness/moderate autonomy-granting. Membership in the low responsiveness/high autonomy-granting class predicted greater sexual risk-taking in mid- and late-adolescence compared to all other classes, and membership in the high responsiveness/ moderate autonomy-granting class predicted lower sexual risk-taking. Gender and ethnic differences in responsiveness and autonomy-granting class membership were also found, potentially informing gender and ethnic disparities of adolescent sexual risk-taking.
    The Journal of Early Adolescence 04/2013; 33(3):404-428. · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Utilizing data from all four waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; n = 4,594), the current study explored the direct and indirect effect of parent-child relationship quality during adolescence (Wave 1) on young adult reports of hookup frequency (Wave 4) via alcohol use during adolescence (intercept at Wave 1) and the trajectory of alcohol use across time (slope from Wave 1 through 4). Results from structural equation modeling with a latent growth curve indicated that parent-child relationship quality was related to a lower alcohol use intercept and fewer reported hookups. Both alcohol use slope and intercept were related to more hookups during young adulthood. Bootstrap tests of the indirect paths revealed that, overall, parent-child relationship quality was associated with fewer reported hookups during young adulthood via the mechanism of the alcohol use intercept.
    Archives of Sexual Behavior 04/2013; · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Despite existing research on the contribution of social context and religiosity to adolescent behavioral outcomes, few studies have attempted to explore this topic among Muslim adolescents in non-Western settings, looking at both positive and negative outcomes. In response to this gap, the current study explored the effects of three dimensions of developmental assets (positive parenting, community support, and religiosity) on risk, prosocial, and thriving behaviors among Muslim adolescents (N = 895) from Malaysia. Hierarchical regression results revealed positive parenting as the greatest protective factor against risk behavior, religiosity as the most significant promotive factor of prosocial behaviors, and community support as the greatest contributor to adolescent thriving. In the final model, unique effects varied by outcome. The findings support the importance and universality of multiple levels of developmental assets for youth development, and highlight the need to better understand their interaction in non-Western cultural contexts.
    Youth &amp Society 01/2013; · 1.82 Impact Factor


Available from