Accuracy of intraoperative frozen-section analysis of breast cancer lumpectomy-bed margins
ABSTRACT My colleagues and I have been using intraoperative frozen-section analysis (FSA) to evaluate lumpectomy margins in an attempt to reduce the number of additional operations that patients with ductal carcinoma in situ or stage I and II breast cancer would have to endure. We review our experience in breast-conservation therapy (BCT) at the University of Florida (Gainesville) to determine the effectiveness of this approach.
Operative reports, operative logs, and pathology reports were retrospectively reviewed for patients who had BCT from January 2001 to January 2004. Ninety-seven patients (116 operations) were reviewed.
Nineteen patients required an additional operation (19.6%). Forty-three patients had positive margins on paraffin-embedded histologic analysis (44.3%). Accuracy of FSA was 84% when evaluated on a per-case basis, and 96% on a per-slide basis. False negatives were identified in 22 patients, affecting the operative pathway of 19 patients (19.6%) and were identified more frequently in cases of ductal carcinoma in situ (p < 0.001). There were no false positives. Additional operative time required for FSA was approximately 13 minutes per case. Eighty-four (86.6%) patients had successful BCT and 13 patients (13.4%) required mastectomy.
Intraoperative analysis of margins using FSA is effective at minimizing the number of additional operations, with 19 patients benefiting from immediate intervention in this study. The authors believe that the number of second operations prevented and the high BCT rates justify performing FSA. Ductal carcinoma in situ is more difficult to identify in FSA. Preoperative discussions with the patient should reflect these findings.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction. Breast conservation treatment (BCT) for early-stage breast malignancies requires negative margins and good cosmesis. Reoperations may be needed to achieve negative margins, which can have an adverse impact on outcomes. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of intraoperative frozen section analysis (IFSA) for margin assessment to reduce excision rates. Methods. All patients treated at the authors' private healthcare facility between 2009 and 2011 for breast cancer were included in the study. Those for whom BCT was intended underwent wide excision with IFSA. Six margins of the excised tissue, and the sentinel lymph node (SLN), where appropriate, were submitted for IFSA. Patient demographics, tumour characteristics, number of operations performed, and outcomes were analysed. Results. Of the 161 patients analysed, 138 (85.7%) had successful breast conservation. Four patients required a reoperation for incomplete surgical extirpation. One had a false negative SLN assessment on IFSA, and was returned to the operating room for an axillary dissection. Three patients required reoperations for inadvertently missed multicentric disease. None had false negative margin evaluation with IFSA necessitating reexcision. Conclusion. The use of IFSA allows low rates of reoperation with BCT. Further research is needed to establish consistency in low reexcision rates for cost-effectiveness and optimum resource allocation.09/2014; 2014:715404. DOI:10.1155/2014/715404
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ABSTRACT: An unmet need exists in high-speed and highly-sensitive intraoperative assessment of breast cancer margin during conservation surgical procedures. Here, we demonstrate a multispectral photoacoustic tomography system for breast tumor margin assessment using fat and hemoglobin as contrasts. This system provides ~3 mm tissue depth and ~125 μm axial resolution. The results agreed with the histological findings. A high sensitivity in margin assessment was accomplished, which opens a compelling way to intraoperative margin assessment.Biomedical Optics Express 04/2015; 6(4). DOI:10.1364/BOE.6.001273 · 3.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy has shown its unique advantages in distinguishing cancerous tissue from normal one. The aim of this study was to establish a quick and accurate diagnostic method of FTIR spectroscopy to differentiate malignancies from benign breast tissues intraoperatively. In this study, a total of 100 breast tissue samples obtained from 100 patients were taken on surgery. All tissue samples were scanned for spectra intraoperatively before being processed for histopathological diagnosis. Standard normal variate (SNV) method was adopted to reduce scatter effects. Support vector machine (SVM) classification was used to discriminate spectra between malignant and benign breast tissues. Leave-one-out cross validation (LOOCV) was used to evaluate the discrimination. According to histopathological examination, 50 cases were diagnosed as fibroadenoma and 50 cases as invasive ductal carcinoma. The results of SVM algorithm showed that the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy rate of this method are 90.0%, 98.0% and 94.0%, respectively. FTIR spectroscopy technique in combination with SVM classification could be an accurate, rapid and objective tool to differentiate malignant from benign tumors during operation. Our studies establish the feasibility of FTIR spectroscopy with chemometrics method to guide surgeons during the surgery as an effective supplement for pathological diagnosis on frozen section.International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 01/2015; 8(1):972-81. · 1.42 Impact Factor