Assessment of patient functional status after surgery.
ABSTRACT Improvement in day-to-day functioning is a valued outcome of surgical intervention. A new functional status assessment instrument, the Activities Assessment Scale (AAS), was designed for a randomized clinical trial evaluating laparoscopic versus open hernia repair procedures.
The study data set included 2,164 patients at baseline and 1,562 patients at 3-month followup. Only male patients were enrolled in the trial. The psychometric characteristics of the AAS were examined in statistical analyses of cross-sectional and longitudinal data from the trial. Correlational analyses, factor analyses, and t-tests were used to evaluate scale performance.
We found that the AAS was a reliable measure (Cronbach's Coefficient Alpha =0.85) in the patient population studied. Factor analyses identified three subscales (sedentary activities; ambulatory activities; work and exercise activities). Construct validity was demonstrated by a correlation of 0.65 between the AAS and the physical functioning (PF) dimension of the SF-36 (p < 0.001); comparisons between clinical subgroups further confirmed its validity (p < 0.001). Patients reporting improvement on the physical functioning dimension after surgery showed an effect size of 1.20 for preoperative-postoperative change in their AAS scores.
The AAS has been demonstrated to be a reliable, valid, and clinically responsive instrument that can be used to evaluate patient functioning after hernia surgery. It is easy to administer and requires less than 5 minutes of patient time to complete. This measurement system may prove useful in assessing surgical outcomes in both research and office practice settings.
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ABSTRACT: Severe persistent pain is a major postsurgical complication affecting 2-4 % of patients following inguinal hernia repair and may cause critical physical and socioeconomic disability. This review introduces relevant criteria and analyses the current evidence base underlying recommended management strategies.Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 05/2014; 399(5). · 2.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess the relationship of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with health functioning and disability in Vietnam-era Veterans. A cross-sectional study of functioning and disability in male Vietnam-era Veteran twins. PTSD was measured by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview; health functioning and disability were assessed using the Veterans RAND 36-Item Health Survey (VR-36) and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0). All data collection took place between 2010 and 2012. Average age of the 5,574 participating Veterans (2,102 Vietnam theater and 3,472 non-theater) was 61.0 years. Veterans with PTSD had poorer health functioning across all domains of VR-36 and increased disability for all subscales of WHODAS 2.0 (all p < .001) compared with Veterans without PTSD. Veterans with PTSD were in poorer overall health on the VR-36 physical composite summary (PCS) (effect size = 0.31 in theater and 0.47 in non-theater Veterans; p < .001 for both) and mental composite summary (MCS) (effect size = 0.99 in theater and 0.78 in non-theater Veterans; p < .001 for both) and had increased disability on the WHODAS 2.0 summary score (effect size = 1.02 in theater and 0.96 in non-theater Veterans; p < .001 for both). Combat exposure, independent of PTSD status, was associated with lower PCS and MCS scores and increased disability (all p < .05, for trend). Within-pair analyses in twins discordant for PTSD produced consistent findings. Vietnam-era Veterans with PTSD have diminished functioning and increased disability. The poor functional status of aging combat-exposed Veterans is of particular concern.Quality of Life Research 12/2013; · 2.86 Impact Factor
- Canadian Anaesthetists? Society Journal 11/2013; · 2.31 Impact Factor