ICF Core Set for geriatric patients in early post-acute rehabilitation facilities.
ABSTRACT The aim of this consensus process was to decide on a first version of the ICF Core Set for geriatric patients in early post-acute rehabilitation facilities.
The ICF Core Set development involved a formal decision-making and consensus process, integrating evidence gathered from preliminary studies including focus groups of health professionals, a systematic review of the literature and empiric data collection from patients.
Fifteen experts selected a total of 123 second-level categories. The largest number of categories was selected from the ICF component Body Functions (51 categories or 41%). 14 (11%) of the categories were selected from the component Body Structures, 30 (29%) from the component Activities and Participation, and 28 (23%) from the component Environmental Factors.
The Post-acute ICF Core Set for geriatric patients is a clinical framework to comprehensively assess patients in early post-acute rehabilitation facilities, particularly in an interdisciplinary setting. This first version of the ICF Core Set will be further tested through empiric studies in German-speaking countries and internationally.
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ABSTRACT: To provide a clinically useful conceptual framework for the evaluation and treatment of disability in older persons, to review the rehabilitation of common conditions affecting function in older persons, and to discuss the effects of the ongoing changes in the healthcare system on geriatric rehabilitation. MedLine search and review of relevant texts for information on (1) geriatric disability and its treatment, (2) recent high quality research, guidelines, and review articles relevant to the rehabilitation of conditions commonly causing geriatric disability, (3) effects of recent changes in the healthcare system on geriatric rehabilitation. Several pertinent models for geriatric disability were identified. These are explicated, along with information on the epidemiology of geriatric disability and its causes and relevant clinical applications. Rehabilitation is reviewed for musculoskeletal disorders, stroke and peripheral vascular disease, amputation, cardiopulmonary disorders, hip fracture, and deconditioning. Changes in the healthcare system appear to be affecting geriatric rehabilitation, especially the advent of managed care; relevant articles and opinions are reviewed, along with strategies to accommodate these changes. Our understanding of the causes of disability in the older population has improved significantly over the last decade. There has also been noteworthy progress in our knowledge about the effects of selected rehabilitation interventions, especially exercise-related interventions. However, the cost-effectiveness of many rehabilitative interventions remains unclear, particularly for differing patient groups across the continuum of care. More research will be needed to evaluate the effects of managed care on rehabilitation outcomes in older persons.Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 12/1997; 45(11):1371-81. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To examine common clinical problems in geriatric rehabilitation and to make recommendations for current practice based on evidence from the literature. A CINAHL database and 2 MEDLINE searches were conducted for 1980 to 2001. A fourth search was completed by using the Cochrane database. One author reviewed the references for relevance and another for quality. A total of 336 articles were considered relevant. Excluded articles were unrelated to geriatric rehabilitation or were anecdotal or descriptive reports on a small number of patients. The following areas were the major geriatric rehabilitation subtopics identified in the search: frailty, comprehensive geriatric assessment, admission screening, assessment tools, interdisciplinary teams, hip fracture, stroke, nutrition, dementia, and depression. This article focuses on the latter 5 subtopics. The literature was reviewed by using a level-of-evidence framework. Level 1 evidence was a randomized controlled trial (RCT) or meta-analysis or systematic review of RCTs. Level 2 evidence included controlled trials without randomization, cohort, or case-control studies. Level 3 evidence involved consensus statements from experts, descriptive studies, or reports of expert committees. Of the 336 articles evaluated, 108 were level 1, 39 were level 2, and 189 were level 3. Recommendations were made for each subtopic according to the level of evidence in the specific area. In cases in which several articles were written on a topic with similar conclusions, we selected the articles with the strongest level of evidence, thereby reducing the total number of references. Frail older patients with hip fracture should receive geriatric rehabilitation. They should also be screened for nutrition, cognition, and depression. Older persons should receive nutritional supplementation when malnourished. If severe dysphagia occurs in stroke patients, gastrostomy tube feeding is superior to nasogastric tube feeding.Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 07/2003; 84(6):898-903. · 2.36 Impact Factor