Risk factors influencing the early outcome results after laparoscopic repair of perforated duodenal ulcer and their predictive value.
ABSTRACT Clear patient selection criteria and indications for laparoscopic repair of perforated duodenal ulcers are necessary. The aims of our study are to report the early outcome results after operation and to define the predictive values of risk factors influencing conversion rate and genesis of suture leakage.
Sixty nonrandomly selected patients operated on laparoscopically in a tertiary care academic center between October 1996 and May 2004 for perforated duodenal ulcers were retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome measures included the duration of symptoms, shock, underlying medical illness, ulcer size, age, Boey score, and the collective predictive value of these variables for conversion and suture leakage rates.
Laparoscopic repair was completed in 46 patients (76.7%). Fourteen patients (23.3%) underwent conversion to open repair. Eight patients (13.3%) had postoperative complications. Suture leakage was confirmed in four patients (6.7%). Hospital stay was 7.8+/-5.3 days. There was no mortality. Patients with an ulcer perforation size of >8 mm had a significantly increased risk for conversion to open repair (p<0.05): positive predictive value (PPV) 75%, sensitivity 27%, specificity 98%, and negative predictive value (NPV) 85%. The significance of ulcer perforation size was confirmed by a stepwise logistic regression test (p=0.0201). All patients who developed suture leakage had acute symptoms for >9 h preoperatively (p<0.001): PPV 31%, specificity 84%, sensitivity 100%, and NPV 100%. Conversions happened with surgeons whose previous experience involved 1.8+/-2.3 cases compared to 3.9+/-2.9 cases in successful laparoscopic repair (p=0.039, t test).
Ulcer perforation size of >8 mm is a significant risk factor influencing the conversion rate. An increase in the suture leakage rate is predicted by delayed presentation of >9 h.
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic techniques have been proposed as an alternative to open surgery for therapy of peptic ulcer perforation. They provide better postoperative comfort and absence of parietal complications, but leakage occurs in 5% of cases. We describe a new method combining laparoscopy and endoluminal endoscopy, designed to ensure complete closure of the perforation. Six patients with anterior ulcer perforations (4 duodenal, 2 gastric) underwent a concomitant laparoscopy and endoluminal endoscopy with closure of the orifice by an omental plug attracted into the digestive tract. All perforations were sealed. The mean operating time was 72 minutes. The mean hospital stay was 5.5 days. There was no morbidity and no mortality. At the 30-day evaluation all ulcers but one (due to Helicobacter pylori persistence) were healed. This method is safe and effective. Its advantages compared with open surgery or laparoscopic patching as well as its cost-effectiveness should be studied in prospective randomized trials.Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 11/1998; 48(4):411-4. · 5.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A total of 100 consecutive patients with perforated duodenal or juxtapyloric ulcers were treated by: laparotomy and omental patch repair (group 1, n = 44); laparoscopic suture patch repair (group 2, n = 35); and laparoscopic fibrin glue repair (group 3, n = 21). The three groups were comparable in Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation II score and in other known operative risk factors such as shock on admission, delayed presentation and associated underlying medical illness. Operative mortality and morbidity data were identical in all groups. The mean operating time was 52.1, 101.3 and 61.1 min respectively in the three groups (group 1 versus group 2, group 2 versus group 3, and group 1 versus groups 2 and 3 combined, P < 0.001). The median number of doses of analgesia required after operation was 4, 3 and 1 respectively (group 1 versus groups 2 and 3, P < 0.05). Conversion to laparotomy was necessary in six patients in group 2 and in one in group 3 (P not significant). The median hospital stay was 5 days in all three groups. Patients who underwent laparoscopic repair of perforated peptic ulcer required fewer postoperative doses of analgesia than those who had open repair. Laparoscopic glue repair has the additional advantage over laparoscopic suture of being technically simpler; it also takes less time to perform.British Journal of Surgery 07/1995; 82(6):814-6. · 4.84 Impact Factor
- British Journal of Surgery 10/1990; 77(9):1006. · 4.84 Impact Factor