Serologic and molecular characterization of Anaplasma species infection in farm animals and ticks from Sicily.
ABSTRACT Although Anaplasma marginale was known to be endemic in Italy, the diversity of Anaplasma spp. from this area have not been characterized. In this study, the prevalence of Anaplasma spp. antibodies in randomly selected farm animals collected on the island of Sicily was determined by use of a MSP5 cELISA for Anaplasma spp. and an immunofluorescence test specific for Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Genetic variation among strains of Anaplasma spp. from animals and ticks was characterized using the A. marginale msp1alpha and the Anaplasma spp. msp4 genes. Eight species of ticks were collected and tested by PCR. Seropositivity for Anaplasma spp. and A. phagocytophilum was detected in bovine and ovine samples. All the donkeys were seropositive for A. phagocytophilum but not for Anaplasma spp. Four A. marginale genotypes were identified by msp4 sequences from bovine and tick samples. Two new genotypes of Anaplasma ovis were characterized in sheep. The sequences of A. phagocytophilum from three donkeys proved to be identical to the sequence of the MRK equine isolate from California. Six A. marginale genotypes were found in cattle and one tick using the A. marginale msp1alpha sequences. All genotypes had four repeated sequences in the N-terminal portion of the MSP1a, except for one that had five repeats. The Italian strains of A. marginale contained three repeat sequences that were not reported previously. Definition of the diversity of Anaplasma spp. in Sicily reported, herein is fundamental to development of control strategies for A. marginale, A. ovis and A. phagocytophilum in Sicily.
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ABSTRACT: Anaplasmoses are common tick-borne zoonotic bacterial diseases of livestock and free-living ungulates from the genus Anaplasma that are recently emerging in Central Europe. The main aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and genetic variability of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Anaplasma ovis in small ruminants and questing ticks from six different sites in Slovakia and the Czech Republic using the PCR of the msp4 gene followed by the sequence analysis. At two farms from southeastern Slovakia, 66.1% small ruminants were infected with A. ovis in contrast to one positive animal from both sites in northern Slovakia. It was represented by two different genotypes. A. phagocytophilum was present in all tested flocks with the infection prevalence ranging from 0.9% to 5.7%. None of the tested questing ticks carried A. ovis. A. phagocytophilum was detected in 1.1% and 7.8% of questing Ixodes ricinus ticks collected around the farms located in southeastern and northern Slovakia, respectively. A. phagocytophilum revealed higher intraspecific diversity than A. ovis.Veterinary Microbiology 06/2011; 153(3-4):293-8. DOI:10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05.044
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ABSTRACT: Species of the genus Anaplasma (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae) are obligate intracellular tick borne pathogens. Three species of Anaplasma that infect cattle and sheep (A. marginale, A. centrale and A. ovis) are well recognized. Of these erythrocytic Anaplasma, A. marginale can cause diseases in the livestock with high economical losses. Species-specific PCR based on 16S rRNA gene is commonly used for detection of Anaplasma species but can not differentiate A. marginale, A. centrale and A. ovis because of sequence similarity. In this study DNA extraction was performed on 50 blood samples with presence of Anaplasma spp. in marginal point of erythrocytes in their blood smears. The extracted DNA from blood cells was analyzed by PCR and PCR-RFLP using primers derived from 16S rRNA gene and restriction endonuclease Bst1107 I. The restriction endonuclease Bst1107I only recognizes the sequence (GTATAC) in corresponding PCR product of A. marginale and cut it. The nucleotide sequence of the A. marginale 16S rRNA gene was determined and compared with the sequences of A. marginale in GenBank. The 16S rRNA of A. marginale in Iran was completely similar to the related sequence deposited in GenBank at accession number of M60313. In the present study we propose a new PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (RFLP) method based on 16S rRNA gene for specific detection of A. marginale.Veterinary Research Communications 12/2009; 34(1):43-50. DOI:10.1007/s11259-009-9331-3
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ABSTRACT: In an attempt to identify the main vector and possible transmission routes of Anaplasma spp. in a region of Hungary with high prevalence of ovine and bovine anaplasmosis, DNA was extracted from 316 haematophagous arthropods (individually or in pools), including 4 species of ixodid ticks, 6 species of tabanid flies and hornflies. Midichloria-like organisms were identified with PCR (amplifying a portion of the 16S rRNA gene) and sequencing from Dermacentor marginatus and Ixodes ricinus. Significantly higher 16S positive D. marginatus individuals were collected in March than in April, suggesting earlier questing of ticks that contain rickettsial agents (thus endosymbionts). Midichloria- and Wolbachia-like organisms were also found in randomly caught horse flies (Tabanus bovinus and T. tergestinus) as well as hornflies (Haematobia irritans), respectively, with 97-99% similarity to sequences deposited in the GenBank. Although all ticks were negative in the Anaplasma spp.-specific msp4 PCR, four individuals of T. bovinus collected near to grazing cattle were positive for Anaplasma marginale. The results of the present study provide the first molecular evidence for the potential mechanical vector role of T. bovinus in the transmission of A. marginale, and broaden the range of haematophagous arthropods harbouring Midichloria-like bacteria, for the first time in any Dermacentor or Tabanus species.Veterinary Parasitology 08/2008; 154(3-4):354-9. DOI:10.1016/j.vetpar.2008.03.019