Article

Clinical practice. Cervical Radiculopathy

Division of Rheumatology, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada.
New England Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 54.42). 08/2005; 353(4):392-9. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMcp043887
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    ABSTRACT: Our objective is to assess the effect of mechanical and manual intermittent cervical traction on pain, use of analgesics and disability during the recent cervical radiculopathy (CR). We made a prospective randomized study including patients sent for rehabilitation between April 2005 and October 2006. Thirty-nine patients were divided into three groups of 13 patients each. A group (A) treated by conventional rehabilitation with manual traction, a group (B) treated with conventional rehabilitation with intermittent mechanical traction and a third group (C) treated with conventional rehabilitation alone. We evaluated cervical pain, radicular pain, disability and the use of analgesics at baseline, at the end and at 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment. At the end of treatment improving of cervical pain, radicular pain and disability is significantly better in groups A and B compared to group C. The decrease in consumption of analgesics is comparable in the three groups. At 6 months improving of cervical and radicular pain and disability is still significant compared to baseline in both groups A and B. The gain in consumption of analgesics is significant in the three groups: A, B and C. Manual or mechanical cervical traction appears to be a major contribution in the rehabilitation of CR particularly if it is included in a multimodal approach of rehabilitation.
    Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine 11/2009; 52(9):638-52. DOI:10.1016/j.rehab.2009.07.035
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic neck pain is a common problem in the adult population with a typical 12-month prevalence of 30% to 50%. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding the causes and treatments of chronic neck pain. Despite limited evidence, cervical epidural injections are one of the commonly performed non-surgical interventions in the management of chronic neck pain. A randomized, double-blind, active control trial. An interventional pain management practice, a specialty referral center, a private practice setting in the United States. To evaluate the effectiveness of cervical interlaminar epidural injections with local anesthetic with or without steroids in the management of chronic neck pain with or without upper extremity pain in patients without disc herniation or radiculitis or facet joint pain. Patients without disc herniation or radiculitis and negative for facet joint pain by means of controlled diagnostic medial branch blocks were randomly assigned to one of 2 groups: injection of local anesthetic only or local anesthetic mixed with non-particulate betamethasone. Seventy patients were included in this analysis. Randomization was performed by computer-generated random allocation sequence by simple randomization. Multiple outcome measures were utilized including the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), the Neck Disability Index (NDI), employment status, and opioid intake with assessment at 3, 6, and 12 months post-treatment. Significant pain relief or functional status was defined as a 50% or more reduction. Significant pain relief (> or = 50%) was demonstrated in 80% of patients in both groups and functional status improvement (> or = 50%) in 69% of Group I and 80% of Group II. The overall average procedures per year were 3.9 +/- 1.01 in Group I and 3.9 +/- 0.8 in Group II with an average total relief per year of 40.3 +/- 14.1 weeks in Group I and 42.1 +/- 9.9 weeks in Group II over a period of 52 weeks in the successful group. The results of this study are limited by the lack of a placebo group and a preliminary report of 70 patients, with 35 patients in each group. Cervical interlaminar epidural injections with local anesthetic with or without steroids may be effective in patients with chronic function-limiting discogenic.
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    ABSTRACT: The authors conducted a study to evaluate and compare prospectively the implantation of either an empty carbon fiber composite frame cage (CFCFC) or an iliac crest autograft after anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) for cervical disc herniation with monoradiculopathy. Thirty-six consecutive patients with one-level radiculopathy due to single-level cervical disc herniation were treated by ACD, and implantation of either an empty CFCFC (24 patients) or an iliac crest autograft (12 patients). Radiological and clinical assessments were performed preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Fusion at the 12-month follow-up examination was demonstrated in 96% of the patients in the cage group and in 100% of those in the autograft group. The mean anterior intervertebral body height was 3.7 mm preoperatively and 3.9 mm at 12 months in the CFCFC, and 4.1 and 3.8 mm, respectively, in the autograft group. In cage-treated patients, neck pain, as measured using the visual analog scale (VAS) (Score 0 = minimum; 10 = maximum) decreased from 6.4 preoperatively to 2.0 at 12 months, and radicular pain decreased from 8.4 preoperatively to 1.5 at 12 months. In the autograft group, neck pain changed from a mean preoperative VAS score of 7.2 to 2.5 at 12 months, and radicular pain decreased from a preoperative mean of 7.8 to 1.4 at 12 months. Analysis of the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey domains and the Oswestry Disability Index scores indicated a significant improvement in both the Physical and Mental Component Summary domains in both groups. Implantation of an empty CFCFC or a tricortical iliac crest autograft after ACD are safe and reliable options for the treatment of cervical disc herniation causing one-sided radiculopathy. Both procedures produced equally satisfying clinical and radiological results, leading to a high fusion rate and maintaining intervertebral height. Implantation of an empty CFCFC has the advantages of avoiding any donor site morbidity and requiring a significantly shorter operative time.
    Journal of Neurosurgery Spine 05/2006; 4(4):292-9. DOI:10.3171/spi.2006.4.4.292 · 2.36 Impact Factor
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